Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

15 April 2019 : Animal Research  

Apigenin Alleviates Myocardial Reperfusion Injury in Rats by Downregulating miR-15b

PeiPei Wang1ABCEFG*, Jian Sun1ABC, SuJun Lv2BCD, Tao Xie3ABCD, XueDan Wang1BCD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912014

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2764-2776

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether apigenin could mitigate myocardial reperfusion injury in rats, and a possible mechanism was proposed.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The I-R injury model was established in rats along with a sham group as control, and the expressions of microRNA-15b (miR-15b), JAK2, and p-JAK2 in the myocardia of the 2 groups were detected. Apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were also detected. Rats in the I-R injury model were divided into 3 groups in vivo: the 1I-R group, the 2I-R+solvent group, and the 3I-R+apigenin group. Expression of miR-15b, JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT3, and p-STAT3 in the myocardia of the 3 groups were detected. ROS content, apoptosis, MDA content, SOD, and CAT activities were detected. Rat myocardial H9C2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into 5 treatment groups in vitro; expressions of miR-15b, JAK2, p-JAK2, STAT3, and p-STAT3 in H9C2 cells were detected, and the apoptosis and ROS content were detected by flow cytometry.

RESULTS: We found that the increased miR-15b expression during myocardial I-R injury in rats downregulated the expression of JAK2 and activity of the JAK2-STAT3 pathway, promoted myocardial apoptosis and ROS production, and aggravated myocardial I-R injury. Apigenin treatment can downregulate miR-15b expression, increase the expression of JAK2 and the activity of JAK2-STAT3 pathway, reduce myocardial apoptosis and ROS production, and alleviate myocardial I-R injury.

CONCLUSIONS: Api treatment downregulated the expression of miR-15b and upregulated the expression of JAK2 and the activity of the JAK2-STAT3 pathway, thereby alleviating myocardial I-R injury, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and ROS production in vitro.

Keywords: Apigenin, Myocardium, Reperfusion Injury, Apoptosis, Down-Regulation, Janus Kinase 2, MicroRNAs, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, Myocytes, Cardiac, Reactive Oxygen Species, STAT3 Transcription Factor

0 Comments

Editorial

01 October 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

03 Oct 2022 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Orthodontic Mini-Implant Placement in the Maxillary Anterior Alveolar Region in 15 Patients b...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937949  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750