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14 February 2019 : Laboratory Research  

The Octamer-Binding Transcription Factor 4 (OCT4) Pseudogene, POU Domain Class 5 Transcription Factor 1B (POU5F1B), is Upregulated in Cervical Cancer and Down-Regulation Inhibits Cell Proliferation and Migration and Induces Apoptosis in Cervical Cancer Cell Lines

Jingwen Yu1ABCDEF, Jingling Zhang1B, Liulin Zhou2ABCFG*, Hao Li3A, Zhao-qun Deng4AG, Bi Meng1B

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912109

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1204-1213

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The POU domain class 5 transcription factor 1B (POU5F1B), is a pseudogene that is homologous to octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4), and is located adjacent to the MYC gene on human chromosome 8q24. POU5F1B has been reported to be transcribed in several types of cancer, but its role in cervical cancer remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the expression and function of POU5F1B in tissue samples of human cervical cancer and in cervical cancer cell lines in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to quantify POU5F1B expression in cervical cancer tissues and in SiHa, HeLa, CaSki, and C33A human cervical cancer cell lines. Functional in vitro studies included analysis of the effects of POU5F1B expression on cervical cancer cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis using a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, cell migration assays, and flow cytometry. Luciferase activity assays, qRT-PCR, and Western blot were performed to confirm the expression of POU5F1B.

RESULTS: POU5F1B was significantly upregulated in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Interference with the expression of POU5F1B significantly inhibited cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion, and induced apoptosis in vitro. Western blot demonstrated that POU5F1B could modulate the expression of the OCT4 protein.

CONCLUSIONS: POU5F1B was upregulated in cervical cancer and down-regulation inhibited cell proliferation and migration and induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cell lines by modulating OCT4. Further studies are required to determine whether POU5F1B might be a diagnostic or prognostic biomarker or therapeutic target in cervical cancer.

Keywords: Octamer Transcription Factor-3, Pseudogenes, Down-Regulation, G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints, Genes, myc, Hela Cells, Homeodomain Proteins

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750