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26 January 2019 : Animal Research  

Early Protection by Resveratrol in Rat Lung Transplantation

Hai-Chao Xu1ABCDEF, Wang Lv1ACEFG, Lu-Ming Wang1ABCDEG, Peng Ye1ACEG, Jian Hu1ABCDEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912345

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:760-770

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Resveratrol is a multifunctional bioactive substance that has effects in anti-inflammation and prevention of ischemia-reperfusion injury. This study compared the inflammation and expression of related proteins during the early stages after transplantation to explore the effects and mechanisms of resveratrol on transplanted lung.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized to receive pretreatment of resveratrol suspension (60 mg/kg; RES group), dexamethasone (1 mg/kg; DEM group), or normal saline solution (2 mL/kg; control group) 1 h before lung transplantation. The cytokine concentration in the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of the recipients was determined 24 h after transplantation. Histopathologic evaluation, including lung injury score, and the expression of necroptosis-associated proteins was assessed.

RESULTS: Histopathologic evaluation showed pneumocyte damage and endothelialitis associated with hemorrhage in the alveoli in the control group, the severity of which was greater than that in the other 2 groups. The levels of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-a in the serum and BALF of the RES and DEM groups were lower than those in the control group. The expression of necroptosis-associated proteins in the RES group was lower than that in the control group, and was inversely proportional to lung injury.

CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment with resveratrol protected rat lung in the early stages after transplantation. We determined a relationship between necroptosis-associated proteins and transplanted lung injury, which suggests that the mechanism of lung transplantation-associated ischemia-reperfusion injury may be related to necroptosis.

Keywords: Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Lung Transplantation, acute lung injury, Cytokines, Dexamethasone, Interleukin-6, Lung, Pulmonary Alveoli, resveratrol

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750