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15 March 2019 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Lumbar-Abdominal Muscles Activation in Healthy Young Adults: A Pilot Study

Binglin Chen1CDE, Yulin Dong2BF, JiaBao Guo3CD, YiLi Zheng3F, Juan Zhang3B, Xueqiang Wang3A*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912720

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1945-1951

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study investigated how whole-body vibration (WBV), exercise, and their interactions influence core muscle activity in healthy young adults.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-three healthy young adults (8 males and 15 females; age: 21.87±2.33 years) participated in the study. The activities of muscle multifidi (MM), rectus abdominis muscle (RM), erector spinae (ES), abdominis obliquus externus (AOE), and abdominis obliquus internus (AOI) were measured through surface electromyography (sEMG) while participants were performing 4 different exercise forms under 3 WBV conditions (condition 1: 5 Hz, 2 mm; condition 2: 10 Hz, 2 mm; and condition 3: 15 Hz, 2 mm) and a no-WBV condition in single experimental sessions.

RESULTS: The WBV frequency of 15 Hz is the best vibration stimulation for core muscles in all of the exercises (P<0.05). Single bridge is a better exercise for RM and AOE (P<0.05) compared with other exercises, and crunches is the best exercise for MM, AOI, and ES (P<0.05). Significant interaction effect was observed in different frequencies and exercises (P>0.05) except for AOI (F=0.990, P=0.378).

CONCLUSIONS: High vibration frequencies can lead to enhanced exercise benefits within an appropriate frequency range, and different exercises have diverse effects on various muscles. Single bridge and crunches are appropriate exercise forms for lumbar-abdominal muscles.

Keywords: Abdominal Muscles, Back Muscles, Electromyography, Exercise, Vibration, Exercise Therapy, Lumbosacral Region, Physical Therapy Modalities, Pilot Projects, young adult

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750