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08 February 2019 : Meta-Analysis  

Correlation Between Adiponectin Gene rs1501299 Polymorphism and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Susceptibility: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Jiaxing Liu1ABCDEF, Jicheng Xing2BCD, Bing Wang2BCDF, Changyong Wei3CD, Ruining Yang2BF, Yuerong Zhu2BF, Hong Qiu2EF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912737

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1078-1086

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Metabolic related nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most prevalent chronic liver diseases around the world. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1501299 (+276G>T) in the adiponectin gene has been recently revealed to be responsible for susceptibility to NAFLD. This meta-analysis intended to assess the association risk of NAFLD and rs1501299 polymorphism.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a literature search on PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases. All involved studies were selected based on our search criteria. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to quantify the strength of the association. Subgroup analysis considered the effects of ethnicity, subject scope, and source of control. Publication bias was assessed by Begg’s tests.

RESULTS: Eight qualified case-control studies with 1639 patients and 1426 controls demonstrated a significant correlation between rs1501299 polymorphism in adiponectin and NAFLD under the dominant model (OR=1.18, 95% CI=1.02–1.36), allelic contrast (OR=1.21, 95% CI=1.09–1.36), homozygote comparison (OR=1.63, 95% CI=1.26–2.01) and the recessive allele model (OR=1.58, 95% CI=1.23–2.02) with evident heterogeneity. No association was observed between the risk of NAFLD and the genotypic variants in heterozygote comparison (OR=1.11, 95% CI=0.95–1.29) without heterogeneity. Subgroup analysis suggested that the sample size could be the potential source of heterogeneity. Source of control was not the reason for between-study heterogeneity and further sensitivity analysis and publication bias revealed good consistency and symmetry in the pooling studies.

CONCLUSIONS: Results from our current meta-analysis gave insight into the correlation between rs1501299 polymorphism and the risk of NAFLD, indicating the variant of rs1501299 might be related to increased NAFLD susceptibility.

Keywords: Adiponectin, Fatty Liver, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Alleles, Asians, Case-Control Studies, Gene Frequency, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Odds Ratio, Publication Bias, Risk Factors, Whites

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750