Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 November 2018 : Animal Research  

P27 Protects Cardiomyocytes from Sepsis via Activation of Autophagy and Inhibition of Apoptosis

Xianyuan Zhao1ABF, Hong Qi2DFG, Jiamin Zhou3ABG, Shuqi Xu4CDE, Yuan Gao5CDE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.912750

Med Sci Monit 2018; 24: ANS8565-8576

Abstract

BACKGROUND: It has been reported that p27Kip1 plays an important role not only in the inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinases but also in the regulation of autophagy under various metabolically related stress conditions, including glucose deprivation and endoplasmic reticulum stress. However, its effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cardiomyocyte stress in vitro remains unclear. Here, we measured the increased expression of LC3-II and visualized autophagosomes in vitro by immunofluorescent assays after treatment with a p27 fusion protein.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cardiomyocyte contractile properties were assessed by measuring cell shortening and re-lengthening. Apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. Western blot, colorectal ligation puncture (CLP) surgery, silencing of Atg5 expression by small interfering RNA (siRNA), and immunofluorescent assays were also performed in this study.

RESULTS: After exogenous delivery of the p27 fusion protein and overexpression of p27 in LPS-induced cardiomyocytes, we found lower expressions of caspase-3 and caspase-8 and reduced positive TUNEL staining. Improved cardiomyocyte mechanical functions and reduced apoptosis were diminished after treatment with various autophagy inhibitors. Intravenous injections of p27-expressing adeno-associated virus serotype 9 (AAV9) vectors resulted in cardiac specific overexpression of p27, and echocardiography was used to assess cardiac function and structure in sepsis rat models. We observed improved cardiac function and reversed adverse ventricular remolding after the introduction of AAV9 vectors. Meanwhile, apoptosis was reduced, and expression of LC3-II was elevated in septic rat models treated with AAV9 vectors compared to controls.

CONCLUSIONS: The study data demonstrated that the overexpression of p27 protects cardiomyocytes from sepsis-induced cardiac depression via the activation of autophagy and inhibition of apoptosis.

Keywords: Asepsis, Sepsis, Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome

0 Comments

Editorial

12 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)

Ana Luisa Ordóñez-Vázquez, Sofía Murúa Beltrán-Gall, Shreya C. Pal, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938365

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

30 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532  

16 September 2022 : Review article  

Effects of Physiotherapy on Rehabilitation and Quality of Life in Patients Hospitalized for COVID-19: A Rev...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

12 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741  

In Press

30 Sep 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750