Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

08 February 2019 : Clinical Research  

Association of Dietary Potassium Intake with the Development of Chronic Kidney Disease and Renal Function in Patients with Mildly Decreased Kidney Function: The Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort Study

Kwang Ho Mun1ABCDEF, Gyeong Im Yu1C, Bo Youl Choi2BG, Mi Kyung Kim2B, Min-Ho Shin3B, Dong Hoon Shin1ADG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913504

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1061-1070


BACKGROUND: Dietary potassium has negative outcomes in patients with mildly impaired kidney function, while having positive outcomes in patients with hypertension. The association of dietary potassium intake with chronic kidney disease (CKD) development, with presence of hypertension, was studied in the Korean rural population with mildly impaired kidney function.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 3 rural areas of Korea, 5064 participants age ≥40 with CKD stage 2 at baseline were recruited. Patients were classified according to the quartile of dietary potassium intake. Newly developed CKD, defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of <60 mL/min/1.73 m² at the time of follow-up, and eGFR decline, defined as eGFR decrease >15% at follow-up, were studied. The effect of dietary potassium on CKD development and eGFR decline were studied by Cox proportional hazard models. The association of potassium with blood pressures and C-reactive protein was also studied to examine the underlying mechanisms.

RESULTS: Compared to 8.6% in normotensives, 15.7% of hypertensives developed CKD. The hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval) of CKD was lower in high potassium diet only in hypertensives, with 0.60 (0.37-0.99) in the highest quartile. The eGFR decline was also lower in patients with higher potassium diet, with 0.70 (0.50–0.98) in Q3 and 0.54 (0.34–0.85) in Q4. Potassium intake has also been shown to decrease high diastolic blood pressure development (>90 mmHg) in hypertensives at 0.45 (0.25–0.83).

CONCLUSIONS: Dietary potassium was associated with lower risk of CKD development and eGFR decline, and this association was observed only in hypertensives.

Keywords: Cohort Studies, Kidney Failure, Chronic, Potassium, Dietary, Aged, Blood Pressure, Disease Progression, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Hypertension, Kidney, Kidney Function Tests, Middle Aged, Nutritional Status, Potassium, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, renal insufficiency, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Republic of Korea, Risk Factors, Rural Population



01 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Two Adjuvanted Malaria Vaccines and the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy to Eradicate Malaria by 2030

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939357

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939357


26 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

In Press

27 Jan 2023 : Database Analysis  

Association Between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and All-Cause Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Chr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938554  

27 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Proposal for a Simple Equation for Limb Muscle Weight Calculation

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938606  

26 Jan 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

20 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

A Study of 42 Partially Edentulous Patients with Single-Crown Restorations and Implants to Compare Bone Los...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939225  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750