Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

14 May 2019 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome on Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Jiayan Zhou1CDEF, Xiaolin Huang1CDF, Xiaohong Jiang1ABEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913713

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3558-3565


BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to the serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, which is used as a marker of colorectal cancer. Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) has been recently reported to have cancer-promoting effects. The aim of our study was to observe the effect of OSAS on serum levels of CEA in patients with T2DM.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 401 T2DM patients in this study. There were 244 patients with OSAS and 157 patients without OSAS.

RESULTS: The CEA level in T2DM patients with OSAS was higher than that in those without OSAS (p<0.05). The participants with AHI scores ≥30 had higher CEA levels than those with 5≤ AHI scores <30 (p<0.05). The AHI score and ODI score were independently associated with increased risk of high CEA level in T2DM patients (odds ratio [OR]=1.052, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.011~1.095) and (OR=1.214, 95% CI: 1.070~1.377). Moreover, among male T2DM patients, the AHI score and ODI score had a linear correlation with the CEA level; this association was also observed in T2DM patients who smoked, had an HbA1c level ≥7%, or had a BMI ≥28 kg/m2 (all p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The AHI score and ODI score were positively associated with the CEA level in T2DM patients. The relationship was stronger in male T2DM patients and in those who smoked, were obese, or had poor glycemic control. The mechanism may be related to metabolic disorders, and the potential increased risk of colorectal cancer should be investigated in a prospective study.

Keywords: Carcinoembryonic Antigen, Diabetes Mellitus, Sleep apnea, obstructive, Body Mass Index, Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Hyperglycemia, Obesity, Polysomnography, Sleep Apnea Syndromes

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600


In Press

29 Feb 2024 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Retinopathy of Prematurity in Preterm Newborns: A Co...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943486  


04 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Injury-Admission Time is an Independent Risk Factor for Deep Vein Thrombosis in Older Patients with Osteopo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943587  


04 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of the Interrater Reliability of Sonographic Measurements of Muscle Thickness of 38 Piriformis M...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943720  


05 Apr 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparative Analysis of Transoral Endoscopic Parathyroidectomy Vestibular Approach and Focused Open Surgery...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944128  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750