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14 May 2019 : Clinical Research  

Effects of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome on Serum Carcinoembryonic Antigen Levels in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Jiayan Zhou1CDEF, Xiaolin Huang1CDF, Xiaohong Jiang1ABEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913713

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3558-3565

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to the serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level, which is used as a marker of colorectal cancer. Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) has been recently reported to have cancer-promoting effects. The aim of our study was to observe the effect of OSAS on serum levels of CEA in patients with T2DM.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 401 T2DM patients in this study. There were 244 patients with OSAS and 157 patients without OSAS.

RESULTS: The CEA level in T2DM patients with OSAS was higher than that in those without OSAS (p<0.05). The participants with AHI scores ≥30 had higher CEA levels than those with 5≤ AHI scores <30 (p<0.05). The AHI score and ODI score were independently associated with increased risk of high CEA level in T2DM patients (odds ratio [OR]=1.052, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.011~1.095) and (OR=1.214, 95% CI: 1.070~1.377). Moreover, among male T2DM patients, the AHI score and ODI score had a linear correlation with the CEA level; this association was also observed in T2DM patients who smoked, had an HbA1c level ≥7%, or had a BMI ≥28 kg/m2 (all p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The AHI score and ODI score were positively associated with the CEA level in T2DM patients. The relationship was stronger in male T2DM patients and in those who smoked, were obese, or had poor glycemic control. The mechanism may be related to metabolic disorders, and the potential increased risk of colorectal cancer should be investigated in a prospective study.

Keywords: Carcinoembryonic Antigen, Diabetes Mellitus, Sleep apnea, obstructive, Body Mass Index, Cardiovascular Diseases, China, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Hyperglycemia, Middle Aged, Obesity, Polysomnography, Sleep Apnea Syndromes

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750