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23 May 2019 : Clinical Research  

Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) Combined with Pulmonary Function Parameters Shows Increased Sensitivity and Specificity for the Diagnosis of Cough Variant Asthma in Children

Haiyan Zhu1BCDEF, Rongrong Zhang1ABCDEFG*, Chuangli Hao2BCDF, Xingmei Yu2BCD, Zhaofang Tian1BCF, Yufang Yuan1BF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913761

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3832-3838

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cough variant asthma in children presents with a dry nonproductive cough. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) combined with small airway functional parameters in cough variant asthma.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children with asthma (n=136) were divided into a cough variant asthma (CVA) group (n=57; mean age, 8.03±2.1 years) and a non-cough variant asthma (nCVA) group (n=79; mean age, 8.61±1.7 years). In both groups, FeNO and other pulmonary function parameters were measured including forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF), maximum mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), forced expiratory flow (FEF), and maximum expiratory flow at 25%, 50%, and 75% expired volume (MEF25, MEF50, and MEF75). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis compared the sensitivity and specificity between the diagnostic parameters.

RESULTS: The FeNO values were significantly increased in the CVA group compared with the nCVA group (Z=6.890, p<0.001). The MMEF, MEF25, MEF50, and MEF75 values were significantly lower in the CVA group compared with the nCVA group (p=0.000, p=0.014, p=0.000, and p=0.000, respectively). The FeNO values were negatively correlated with MEF25, MEF50, and MMEF (ρ=–0.334, ρ=–0.257 and ρ=–0.276, respectively). FeNO was significantly more efficient diagnosing cough variant asthma comparing with pulmonary parameters (p<0.05), and was most sensitive and specific when combined with MMEF/MEF50 compared with single diagnostic parameters (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: FeNO combined with pulmonary function parameters of MMEF/MEF50 showed increased sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of cough variant asthma.

Keywords: airway remodeling, Asthma, Cough, Respiratory Function Tests, Breath Tests, Child, Child, Preschool, Exhalation, Forced Expiratory Volume, Lung, Nitric Oxide, Pulmonary Elimination, ROC Curve, Sensitivity and Specificity, Vital Capacity

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750