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22 May 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Gene Mutations in 22 Chinese Pedigrees with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Dan Wang1DEF, Zhao Zhang2AFG*, Yuwei Li2BCD, Chen Xu2BCD, Yongjun Yu2BCD, Mingsen Li3BCD, Chao Chen2BCD, Xipeng Zhang2A

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.913911

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3796-3803

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), which has a very high tendency of progression to colorectal cancer, is mainly caused by mutations of the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. This study systematically screened the APC mutations and observed the correlation of APC mutations with clinical manifestations of FAP.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty subjects (probands and their family members of 22 FAP pedigrees) were enrolled, underwent abdominal ultrasound, computed tomography, and colonoscopic examinations, and were assessed for APC mutations between January 2010 and June 2015 at Tianjin Union Medical Center. Peripheral blood was collected from subjects, and DNA was extracted and screened for APC mutations using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification for large-fragment deletions or PCR-denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography with DNA sequencing for micromutations.

RESULTS: Nineteen of 22 FAP pedigrees were found to have mutations of APC, and 17 types APC mutations were identified. All the mutations were heterozygosity with autosomal dominant inheritance. APC mutations included 8 caused by frameshift, 3 by aberrant splicing, 2 by missense mutation, 2 by nonsense mutation, and 2 by large-fragment deletion. Frameshift mutation was the most common type of APC mutation, and Coding DNA Sequence 15 was the most common mutation site. Five novel APC mutations, including 1 with large-fragment deletion, were identified.

CONCLUSIONS: We systematically screened 17 mutations of APC from 22 Chinese pedigrees with FAP. This study will broaden the spectrum of known APC germline mutations and help understand the types and distribution of APC mutations among Chinese patients with FAP.

Keywords: Adenomatous Polyposis Coli, Adenomatous Polyps, Mutation, Pedigree, Adolescent, Aged, Asians, Base Sequence, China, Colonoscopy, Colorectal Neoplasms, Exons, Genes, APC, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Germ-Line Mutation, Heterozygote, Middle Aged, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sequence Deletion

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750