13 June 2019 : Clinical Research
Nutrition, Physical Exercise, and the Prevalence of Sarcopenia in Elderly Residents in Nursing Homes in ChinaLi-Jun Yang1BCDEF, Guan-Hui Wu2CDEF, Yun-Long Yang1BCDE, Yong-Hua Wu1ADEF*, Li Zhang1ABCDE, Min-Hong Wang1ADE, Li-Ya Mo1BCDEF, Gang Xue1BCD, Chuan-Zhi Wang1BCD, Xiao-Fen Weng1BCDEF
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4390-4399
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with sarcopenia in elderly residents in three nursing homes in Suzhou City, East China including the association with nutrition and physical exercise.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Elderly residents (n=316) from three nursing homes included 112 men and 204 women. The appendicular skeletal muscle index (ASMI), grip strength, and movements were measured to diagnose sarcopenia. The correlation between sarcopenia with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), ASMI, upper arm circumference, calf circumference, muscle content, grip strength, dietary intake, degree and duration of movement were also assessed.
RESULTS: The prevalence of sarcopenia was 28.8% (30.4% for men and 27.9% for women). Patients with sarcopenia were older compared with controls. Height, BMI, upper arm circumference, calf circumference and arm muscle mass, lower limb muscle mass, limb skeletal muscle index and ASMI, grip strength, and pace of movement were lower than controls. The prevalence of sarcopenia correlated with the intake of meat, fish, eggs, and milk, and duration of weekly aerobic and resistance exercise. Logistic regression analysis showed a positive correlation between the prevalence of sarcopenia and age, and a negative correlation between BMI and consumption of meat, eggs, and milk.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of sarcopenia in elderly residents in three nursing homes in Suzhou City was 28.8%. Increasing age was a risk factor for sarcopenia. Increased BMI and a diet containing meat, eggs, and milk were protective factors. The findings from this study provide support that adequate dietary protein can prevent sarcopenia in the elderly.
Keywords: Exercise, Nutrition Assessment, Risk Factors, sarcopenia, secondary prevention, Aged, Body Mass Index, Case-Control Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Geriatric Assessment, Middle Aged, Muscle, Skeletal, Nursing Homes, Prevalence
01 May 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Twenty Years On from Sequencing the Human Genome, Personalized/Precision Oncology Prepares to Meet the Challenges of Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940911
31 May 2023 : Review articlePrevalence, Diagnosis, and Management of Eclampsia and the Need for Improved Maternal Care: A Review
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939919
30 May 2023 : Clinical ResearchA Case-Control Study of Cognitive Function in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease Before and After Hemodi...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940409
30 May 2023 : Review articleA Review of the Role of the Zebrafish (Danio reiro) in Preclinical and Clinical Models of Biomarker Identif...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940550
30 May 2023 : Database AnalysisThe COVID-19 Crisis and the Incidence of Alcohol-Related Deaths in Poland
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.940904
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952