Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

23 April 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Transcriptional Regulation of Early Growth Response Gene-1 (EGR1) is Associated with Progression of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in Patients with Insulin Resistance

Zedong Li1C, Peng Yu1E, Jiajia Wu2E, Fang Tao3B, Jun Zhou1A*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914044

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:2993-3004


BACKGROUND: The occurrence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely related to type 2 diabetes, especially in patients with insulin resistance. The purpose of this research was to elucidate the major genes and transcriptional regulation of insulin resistance in the progression of NAFLD.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We downloaded the gene expression matrix of GSE89632 from Gene Expression Omnibus. Then the principal component analysis was used to identify whether the samples were clustered. Differentially expressed genes were identified by limma R package. Enrichment analysis and protein‑protein interaction network was used to find potential function and screening hub genes. We further used ChIP-seq data from ENCODE to predict the transcriptional regulation of hub genes. Finally, we verified the functions of hub genes with clinical information.

RESULTS: These hub genes were significantly enriched in “response to insulin”, “response to glucose”, and “fat cell differentiation”. ChIP-seq data showed that EGR1 (early growth response gene-1) may play an important role in the transcriptional regulation of SOCS1 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 1), SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3), and Fos gene family in the liver, as the low expression of EGR1 in patients with insulin resistance may promote the occurrence and development of NAFLD. Similarly, correlation analysis showed that EGR1 was positively correlated with the expression of SOCS1, SOCS3, and the genes of Fos gene family, and EGR1 was negatively correlated with the degree of steatosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Newly identified hub genes and their transcriptional regulation may promote understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying insulin resistance related to the progression of NAFLD and provide a new therapy target and biomarkers.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Early Growth Response Protein 1, Fatty Liver, Insulin Resistance, biomarkers, Disease Progression, Gene Expression Profiling, Insulin, Liver, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Principal Component Analysis, Protein Interaction Maps, Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein, Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein



01 December 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Fungal Pathogens During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939088

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088


29 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938647  

24 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

01 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Questionnaire-Based Study of 81 Patients in Poland to Evaluate the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938243

In Press

05 Dec 2022 : Database Analysis  

Impact of the De Ritis Ratio on the Prognosis of Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Pe...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937737  

02 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Value of Early Laparoscopic Exploration for Primary Infertile Patients with Patent Fallopian Tubes Complica...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938637  

02 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Single-Center Study in Lithuania to Evaluate the Role of Transthoracic Impedance Cardiography in the Diagno...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938389  

30 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Evaluation of Hematological and Clinical Factors Associated with 30-Day Mortality in 170 Pati...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938674  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750