Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

09 February 2019 : Clinical Research  

A Comparative Study of Bolus Norepinephrine, Phenylephrine, and Ephedrine for the Treatment of Maternal Hypotension in Parturients with Preeclampsia During Cesarean Delivery Under Spinal Anesthesia

Xian Wang1E, Mao Mao1BC, Shijiang Liu2F, Shiqin Xu1AG, Jianjun Yang34D*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914143

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:1093-1101

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of bolus norepinephrine, phenylephrine, and ephedrine in parturient with preeclampsia who had hypotension during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six parturient women with preeclampsia who had a baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) <80% during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section were divided into three treatment groups; bolus norepinephrine 4 μg (group N) (n=56), phenylephrine 50 μg (group P) (n=55), and ephedrine 4 mg (group E) (n=55). Primary outcomes included overall SBP and heart rate (HR) until delivery. Secondary outcomes included the incidence of tachycardia (HR >120 bpm), bradycardia (HR <60 bpm), hypertension (SBP >120% baseline), number of boluses of vasopressor required and episodes of hypotension, maternal side effects, and neonatal outcome.

RESULTS: Overall HR in group N was significantly increased compared with group P (80.5±12 vs. 76.6±6.9 bpm; P=0.04), and significantly lower compared with group E (80.5±12 vs. 84.9±7.1 bpm; P=0.02). Parturients in group N had fewer episodes of bradycardia compared with group P (3.6% vs. 21.8%; RR=0.26l; 95% CI, 0.07–0.73; P=0.004) and fewer episodes of tachycardia compared with group E (16.1% vs. 36.4%; RR 0.54; 95% CI, 0.29–0.90; P=0.02).

CONCLUSIONS: A bolus dose of norepinephrine showed similar efficacy to phenylephrine but improved maternal and neonatal safety in parturients with preeclampsia with hypotension during cesarean section under spinal anesthesia.

Keywords: Ephedrine, Norepinephrine, Pre-Eclampsia, Phenylephrine, Anesthesia, Spinal, Blood Pressure, Cesarean Section, Heart Rate, Hypotension, Parturition, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Vasoconstrictor Agents

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 March 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approvals for CRISPR-Cas9 Therapeutic Gene Editing for Sickle Cell Disease and Transfusion-Dependent β-Thalassemia

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944204

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944204

0:00

In Press

15 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Modified Shock Index and Shock Index for Predicting Massive Transfusion in Women with Primary...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943286  

15 Jan 2024 : Database Analysis  

Bibliometric Analysis of Brain Stimulation Technologies in Sleep Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942687  

15 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Clinical Outcomes of Arthroscopic Surgery in Patients with Gluteal Muscle Contracture: Single-Institution R...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942945  

17 Jan 2024 : Laboratory Research  

Impact of Auxiliary Features on Retention of Short Dental Crowns: An In-Vitro Analysis of Box and Groove Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943401  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750