Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

11 May 2019 : Meta-Analysis  

Diagnostic Performance of Perfusion Computed Tomography for Differentiating Lung Cancer from Benign Lesions: A Meta-Analysis

Cuiqing Huang12DE, Jianye Liang1BF, Xueping Lei3DF, Xi Xu1B, Zeyu Xiao1AC, Liangping Luo1A*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914206

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3485-3494


BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have explored diagnosis of pulmonary nodules using perfusion computed tomography (CT); however, findings were not always consistent between studies. Th e present study aimed to summarize evidence on the diagnostic value of perfusion CT for distinguishing between lung cancer and benign lesions.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search on lung cancer and benign pulmonary lesions performed with perfusion CT. The searches were undertaken in English or Chinese language in Medline, PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure database from Jan 2010 to Nov 2018. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of blood volume (BV), blood flow (BF), mean transit time (MTT), and permeability surface (PS) were calculated using Review Manager 5.3. Publication bias, sensitivity, specificity, and the area under the curve (AUC) were calculated using Stata12.0.

RESULTS: Fourteen studies comprising 1032 malignant and 447 benign pulmonary lesions were analyzed. Lung cancer had higher BV, BF, MTT, and PS values than benign lesions. SMDs and 95% CIs of BV, BF, MTT, and PS were 2.29 (1.43, 3.16), 0.50 (0.14, 0.86), 0.55 (0.39, 0.72), and 1.21 (0.87, 1.56), respectively. AUC values of BV and PS were 0.92 (0.90, 0.94) and 0.83 (0.80, 0.86), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: CT perfusion imaging is a valuable technique for the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules. Lung cancer had higher perfusion and permeability than benign lesions. The evidence suggests blood volume is the best surrogate marker for characterizing the blood supply, while permeability surface has a high specificity in quantifying the vascular permeability.

Keywords: Blood Volume, perfusion imaging, Permeability, Tomography, X-Ray, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Area Under Curve, China, Lung, Middle Aged, Perfusion, Publication Bias, Sensitivity and Specificity, Tomography, X-Ray Computed



01 December 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: The World Health Organization (WHO) Fungal Priority Pathogens List in Response to Emerging Fungal Pathogens During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939088

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e939088


29 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study to Identify Risk Factors for Severe Disease and Mortality Using the Modified Early Warn...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938647  

07 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938665

01 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Questionnaire-Based Study of 81 Patients in Poland to Evaluate the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938243

In Press

05 Dec 2022 : Database Analysis  

Impact of the De Ritis Ratio on the Prognosis of Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Pe...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937737  

02 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Value of Early Laparoscopic Exploration for Primary Infertile Patients with Patent Fallopian Tubes Complica...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938637  

02 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Single-Center Study in Lithuania to Evaluate the Role of Transthoracic Impedance Cardiography in the Diagno...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938389  

30 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Evaluation of Hematological and Clinical Factors Associated with 30-Day Mortality in 170 Pati...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938674  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750