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02 June 2019 : Laboratory Research  

The Effects of Astragalus Polysaccharide on Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Proliferation and Morphology Induced by A549 Lung Cancer Cells

Yue-Mei Zhang1ACD, Yong-Qi Liu23AFG, Dongling Liu2CD, Liying Zhang2BC, Jie Qin1AB, Zhiming Zhang2AB, Yun Su2AF, Chunlu Yan2BD, Ya-Li Luo2BF, Jintian Li23FG, Xiaodong Xie4AD, Quanlin Guan1AFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914219

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4110-4121

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The tumor microenvironment in lung cancer plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) co-cultured with A549 lung cancer cells show changes in morphology, increase cell proliferation, and cell migration. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Astragalus polysaccharide (APS), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on the changes induced in bone marrow-derived MSCs by A549 lung cancer cells in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bone marrow-derived MSCs were co-cultured with A549 cells (Co-BMSCs). Co-cultured bone marrow-derived MSCs and A549 cells treated with 50 μg/ml of APS (Co-BMSCs + APS) were compared with untreated Co-BMSCs. Cell proliferation was measured using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Flow cytometry evaluated the cell cycle. Microarray assays for mRNA expression and Western blot for protein expression were used.

RESULTS: Compared with untreated Co-BMSCs, APS treatment of Co-BMSCs improved cell morphology, reduced cell proliferation, and inhibited cell cycle arrest. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway, TP53, caspase-3, acetylated H4K5, acetylated H4K8, and acetylated H3K9 were involved in the regulatory process.

CONCLUSIONS: APS treatment reduced cell proliferation and morphological changes in bone marrow-derived MSCs that were co-cultured with A549 lung cancer cells in vitro.

Keywords: adult stem cells, Astragalus Plant, Genes, Neoplasm, A549 cells, Bone Marrow, Bone Marrow Cells, Coculture Techniques, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Polysaccharides, tumor microenvironment

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750