Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

16 May 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Doxorubicin-Induced Cancer Cell Senescence Shows a Time Delay Effect and Is Inhibited by Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT)

Xuerui Hu1ABCDEF, Hongqi Zhang2ACDEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914295

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3617-3623

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Senescence is a natural barrier for the body to resist the malignant transformation of its own cells. This work investigated the senescence characteristics of cancer cells in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human cervical cancer HeLa cells were treated with different concentrations of doxorubicin for 3 days, with or without subsequent extended culture in drug-free medium for 6 days. Senescent cell ratios between these 2 culture schemes were calculated. Expression of 2 senescence-associated secretory factors, IL-6 and IL-8, were detected by RT-PCR and ELISA. Doxorubicin treatment induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in cancer cells. The proportions of senescent cells in epithelial-like and mesenchymal-like sub-groups were calculated. Doxorubicin-treated HeLa cells were stained with Vimentin antibody and sorted by flow cytometry. Senescent cell marker p16ᴵᴺᴷ⁴ᵃ and IL-8 expression in Vimentin-high and Vimentin-low cells were detected by Western blot.

RESULTS: We found that less than 1% of HeLa cells showed senescence phenotype after treatment with doxorubicin for 3 days. However, the proportion of senescent cells was significantly increased when the doxorubicin-treated cells were subsequently cultured in drug-free medium for another 6d. RT-PCR and ELISA results showed that this prolonged culture method could further improve the expression of IL-6 and IL-8. We also found that the senescent cells were mainly epithelial-like type and few presented mesenchymal-like shape. p16ᴵᴺᴷ⁴ᵃ and IL-8 expression were decreased in cell fraction with higher Vimentin expression.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested the existence of time delay effect in doxorubicin-induced senescence of HeLa cells, and epithelial- mesenchymal transition may resist doxorubicin-induced cell senescence.

Keywords: Cell Aging, Hela Cells, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8, Neoplasms, Time Factors, Vimentin

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 July 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: The Global Threats of Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance Require New Approaches to Drug Development, Including Molecular Antimicrobial Adjuvants

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945583

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945583

0:00

In Press

Clinical Research  

Impact of Denture Use on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life in Yemeni Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944682  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Minimally Invasive versus Traditional Surgery: Efficacy of PELD and PLIF in Treating Pyogenic Spondylodiscitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943176  

Clinical Research  

Frontal Plane Body Posture as a Predictor of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Amateur Athletes: A Comprehensive ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944810  

Clinical Research  

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Hepatic Arterial Chemotherapy for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma in China...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944526  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   3,861,054

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,585,498

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,905

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,731

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750