Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

07 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

Association of Intracranial Artery Calcification with Cognitive Impairment in Hemodialysis Patients

Nam-Jun Cho1BCDE, Samel Park1DF, Eun-young Lee1CDF, Se Won Oh2BCD, Hyung Geun Oh3ADEFG, Hyo-wook Gil1ADEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914658

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5036-5043

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of risk factors for dementia and cognitive decline. Cardiovascular and dialysis-related factors might also be involved in the mechanism of cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients. The objective of this study was to investigate whether cardiovascular risk factors including intracranial artery calcification and dialysis-related factors such as fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) might be associated with cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study included patients receiving in-center hemodialysis over 6 months at our hospital. All patients underwent non-contrast computed tomography (CT) examinations. Internal carotid artery (ICA) calcium scores were measured using the Agatston method. The Korean version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment was used for measurement of cognitive function at each study visit. Serum concentrations of FGF23, osteoprotegerin, and klotho were analyzed using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits.

RESULTS: This study included 69 patients. Cognitive impairment was observed in 22 patients (31.9%), including 3 patients with dementia. ICA calcium score in patients with cognitive impairment was higher than that in those without cognitive impairment (177.3 versus 87.6, P=0.022). Intracranial artery calcification was significantly associated with cognitive impairment after adjusting for FGF23 and 25-OH vitamin D, but not significant after adjusting for age, FGF23, and 25-OH vitamin D. Low level of FGF23 was associated with cognitive impairment.

CONCLUSIONS: Intracranial artery calcification and low FGF23 could be associated with cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients. Longitudinal studies are needed to investigate whether intracranial artery calcification and FGF23 could affect cognitive function of hemodialysis patients.

Keywords: Cognitive Science, Fibroblast Growth Factors, Hemodialysis Units, Hospital, vascular calcification, Calcium, Carotid Artery, Internal, cognitive dysfunction, Fibroblast Growth Factor-23, Logistic Models, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, ROC Curve, Renal Dialysis, Risk Factors

0 Comments

Editorial

01 July 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Response to the Global Spread of Lineages and Sublineages of Omicron, or B.1.1.529, SARS-CoV-2

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937676

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937676

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

27 June 2022 : Clinical Research  

Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) in 16 Patients Following COVID-19 Vaccination Who...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937430  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

01 Jul 2022 : Clinical Research  

Does Early-Period Patient Dissatisfaction Turn Into Satisfaction Over Time After Total Knee Replacement?

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936792  

30 Jun 2022 : Laboratory Research  

Bcl-2 19-kDa Interacting Protein 3 (BNIP3)-Mediated Mitophagy Attenuates Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Human...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936760  

30 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Antioxidant System and Ions Concentrations After Femoral Neck and Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936335  

28 Jun 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Urodynamics in Early Diagnosis of Diabetic Bladder Dysfunction in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937166  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750