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07 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

Association of Intracranial Artery Calcification with Cognitive Impairment in Hemodialysis Patients

Nam-Jun Cho1BCDE, Samel Park1DF, Eun-young Lee1CDF, Se Won Oh2BCD, Hyung Geun Oh3ADEFG, Hyo-wook Gil1ADEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914658

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5036-5043

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of risk factors for dementia and cognitive decline. Cardiovascular and dialysis-related factors might also be involved in the mechanism of cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients. The objective of this study was to investigate whether cardiovascular risk factors including intracranial artery calcification and dialysis-related factors such as fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) might be associated with cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study included patients receiving in-center hemodialysis over 6 months at our hospital. All patients underwent non-contrast computed tomography (CT) examinations. Internal carotid artery (ICA) calcium scores were measured using the Agatston method. The Korean version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment was used for measurement of cognitive function at each study visit. Serum concentrations of FGF23, osteoprotegerin, and klotho were analyzed using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits.

RESULTS: This study included 69 patients. Cognitive impairment was observed in 22 patients (31.9%), including 3 patients with dementia. ICA calcium score in patients with cognitive impairment was higher than that in those without cognitive impairment (177.3 versus 87.6, P=0.022). Intracranial artery calcification was significantly associated with cognitive impairment after adjusting for FGF23 and 25-OH vitamin D, but not significant after adjusting for age, FGF23, and 25-OH vitamin D. Low level of FGF23 was associated with cognitive impairment.

CONCLUSIONS: Intracranial artery calcification and low FGF23 could be associated with cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients. Longitudinal studies are needed to investigate whether intracranial artery calcification and FGF23 could affect cognitive function of hemodialysis patients.

Keywords: Cognitive Science, Fibroblast Growth Factors, Hemodialysis Units, Hospital, vascular calcification, Calcium, Carotid Artery, Internal, cognitive dysfunction, Fibroblast Growth Factor-23, Logistic Models, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, ROC Curve, Renal Dialysis, Risk Factors

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750