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06 June 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Overexpression of the Ubiquitin-Specific Peptidase 9 X-Linked (USP9X) Gene is Associated with Upregulation of Cyclin D1 (CCND1) and Downregulation of Cyclin-Dependent Inhibitor Kinase 1A (CDKN1A) in Breast Cancer Tissue and Cell Lines

Hang Li1AFG, Bin Zheng12BCDE*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.914742

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4207-4216


BACKGROUND: The role of the ubiquitin-specific peptidase 9 X-linked (USP9X) gene in breast cancer remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the role of USP9X in breast cancer tissue and cell lines.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression levels of USP9X in 102 breast cancer tissue samples and 41 normal breast tissue samples. Overexpression of USP9X in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines were studied by USP9X lentivirus vector transfection. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/caspase-9 USP9X gene knockout was performed. Cell proliferation, growth, and survival were examined using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, the colony formation assay, flow cytometry assays, and a tumor xenograft study.

RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry showed that USP9X was significantly overexpressed in 93 of 102 (91.1%) breast cancer tissue samples compared with 41 normal breast tissue samples and was associated with tumor size ≥5.0 cm (P<0.05). USP9X overexpression in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer increased cell proliferation and survival, significantly reduced the number of cells in the G1-phase cells and increased the number of cells in the S-phase cells, which were reversed by CRISPR/caspase-9 USP9X gene knockout. Overexpression of USP9X upregulated the CCND1 gene encoding cyclin D1 and downregulated cyclin-dependent inhibitor kinase 1A (CDKN1A) gene in breast cancer cells, which were reversed by USP9X knockout.

CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of USP9X was associated with upregulation of the CCND1 gene and downregulation of the CDKN1A gene in breast cancer tissue and cell lines.

Keywords: Breast Neoplasms, Cell Cycle, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21, carcinogenesis, Immunohistochemistry, MCF-7 cells, Ubiquitin Thiolesterase

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Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750