Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 August 2019 : Hypothesis  

Network Pharmacology-Based Pharmacological Mechanism of the Chinese Medicine Rhizoma drynariae Against Osteoporosis

Donghao Gan1ABCDEF, Xiaowei Xu1BCD, Deqiang Chen12CEF, Peng Feng1BDF, Zhanwang Xu13ADG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915170

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5700-5716

Abstract

Rhizoma drynariae is the main traditional Chinese medicine used for the treatment of osteoporosis, but its anti-osteoporotic targeting mechanism has not been fully elucidated due to the complexity of its active ingredients. In this study, the pharmacological mechanism of action of Rhizoma drynariae against osteoporosis was studied by integrating pharmacological concepts. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of selected major active constituents of Rhizoma drynariae and the SMILES structural similarity were used to predict related targets. A literature search was conducted to identify known osteoporosis treatment targets, which were then combined with the predicted targets to construct the direct or indirect target interaction network map of Rhizoma drynariae against osteoporosis. Finally, data on the key targets of the interactions, ranked according to relevant node parameters obtained through pathway enrichment analysis and screening of key targets and active ingredients of Rhizoma drynariae, were used to perform molecular docking simulation. We screened 16 active ingredients of Rhizoma drynariae, and 7 key targets with direct or indirect effects with a high frequency were obtained. These main pathways were found to play important roles in the PI3k-akt signaling pathway, osteoclast differentiation, Wnt signaling pathway, and estrogen signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that most active ingredients of Rhizoma drynariae had strong binding efficiency with key targets. Based on network pharmacology, we conclude that Rhizoma drynariae plays an anti-osteoporotic role by directly or indirectly targeting multiple major signaling pathways and influencing the proliferation and differentiation of multiple types of cells.

Keywords: Medicine, Chinese Traditional, Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action, Osteoporosis, Protein Interaction Maps, China, Computer Simulation, Databases, Factual, Drug development, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Molecular Docking Simulation, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacological and Toxicological Phenomena, Polypodiaceae

0 Comments

Editorial

01 November 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Recent Approval of Sotorasib as the First Targeted Therapy for KRAS G12C-Mutated Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938746

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938746

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

24 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

01 November 2022 : Clinical Research  

Questionnaire-Based Study of 81 Patients in Poland to Evaluate the Course of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938243

03 October 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Vitamin D Concentration on Course of COVID-19

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937741

In Press

25 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937990  

24 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) Titration in Elderly Patients Undergoing Lobectomy

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938225  

24 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Prospective Questionnaire-Based Study to Evaluate Factors Affecting the Decision to Receive COVID-19 Vacc...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938665  

22 Nov 2022 : Clinical Research  

Preoperative Biologics Exposure Predisposes Ulcerative Colitis Patients to a Distinct Delayed Postoperative...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938412  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750