Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

24 April 2019 : Clinical Research  

The Effect of the Leptin and Leptin Receptor Expression on the Efficacy of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer

Yan Kong1ABCDEFG, Qian Dong1BCEF, Hong Ji2BEF, Meixiang Sang3BCEF, Yan Ding4BDF, Meng Zhao4BDF, Huichai Yang4BDF, Cuizhi Geng5ADG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915368

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3005-3013

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of leptin and leptin receptor (LEPR) expression on the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 325 breast cancer patients with complete data enrolled in this study. Patients were categorized into 3 groups: pathological complete response group, non-pathological complete response group, and progressive disease group. Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine leptin and its receptor LEPR expression levels that were compared among the 3 groups.

RESULTS: Compared with the non-pathological complete response group, patients in the pathological complete response group had increased leptin and LEPR expression, although the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.194, P=0.110). In addition, the expression of leptin and LEPR in the pathological complete response group was also higher than that in the progressive disease group, and the difference of LEPR expression was statistically significant (P=0.008) while the leptin expression was not (P=0.065). There were more HER2+ breast cancer patients in the pathological complete response group categorized into strong positive, and positive expression of leptin and LEPR compared with the progressive disease group (P<0.05). There were significant differences of leptin and LEPR expression among breast cancer patients under different molecular subtypes HER2+, HR+, and triple negative, in which the triple negative patients had the highest expression of leptin and LEPR. In addition, patients in the progressive disease group had high and low expression of leptin and LEPR: 13.25% versus 11.32% and 13.1% versus 10.42% respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of leptin and LEPR improved the therapeutic efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for patients with breast cancer, especially for those with HER2+ subtype. Overexpression of leptin and LEPR was distinct among the different molecular subtypes of breast cancer, suggesting a certain predictive value for breast cancer prognosis.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast, Chemotherapy, Adjuvant, Leptin, Prognosis, Receptors, Leptin, Treatment Outcome, Adult, Aged, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Breast Neoplasms, Immunohistochemistry, Middle Aged, Neoadjuvant Therapy, Receptor, erbB-2, Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms

Comments

Editorial

04 June 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Acute Hepatitis of Unknown Origin in Children. Is Autoimmunity at Play?

Nahum Mendez-Sanchez, Shreya C. Pal
Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937371

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937371

In Press

23 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Real-World Study to Compare the Safety and Efficacy of Paritaprevir/Ombitasvir/Ritonavir and Dasabuvir, w...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936706  

22 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

A Single-Center Study Comparing the Effects of Thoracic Spine Manipulation vs Mobility Exercises in 26 Offi...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937316  

21 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Optimal Timing and Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Approach in Acute Biliary Pancreatitis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937016  

16 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Renal Manifestations in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Cohort Study During the Biologic Era

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936497  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750