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13 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

Anatomical Variations of the Supraorbital and Supratrochlear Nerves: Their Intraorbital Course and Relation to the Supraorbital Margin

Robert Haładaj1ABCDEF, Michał Polguj2CDEF, Mirosław Topol1ACDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915447

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5201-5210

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the topographical anatomy of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves. Anatomical variations of both the intraorbital course of the 2 nerves and their relation to the supraorbital margin were analyzed.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The research material involved 50 isolated adult cadaveric hemi-heads and 25 macerated adult skulls. All studied specimens were of Caucasian origin.

RESULTS: Taking into account the location of the frontal nerve division, 2 main variants of the intraorbital course of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves were distinguished. The first variant (variant I, 42%) involved cases in which the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves branched off from the frontal nerve in the distal half of the length of the orbit. In the second variant (variant II, 58%), the frontal nerve branched into the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves in the proximal half of the orbit. Variant II was characterized by the presence of a thick supraorbital nerve and a long, tiny supratrochlear nerve. For variant I, 27.8% of the supraorbital nerves were divided into the medial and lateral branch within the orbit, whereas, for variant II, 75% of nerves were divided into the medial and lateral branch within the orbit (before crossing the supraorbital margin). Single passage was observed on the supraorbital margin in 80% of wet specimens and in 78% of orbits examined on the macerated skulls.

CONCLUSIONS: Both the intraorbital and extraorbital course of the branches of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves were highly diverse. These variations should be taken into account during medical procedures performed within the orbital and frontal regions.

Keywords: anatomic variation, Anatomy, Nerve Block, Neuralgia, Orbit, Frontal Bone, Neurosurgical Procedures, Trigeminal Nerve

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750