Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

Biomechanical Effects of Fixation of Different Segments of Goat Lumbar Spine on Adjacent Segmental Motion and Intradiscal Pressure Change

Xiaoping Mu1BCDEF, Zhuhai Li1ABCDE, Dong Yin1ACD, Bin Liang1AE, Yufu Ou1AEG*, Jianxun Wei1ADEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915458

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4885-4891


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the biomechanical fixation effects of different segments of the goat spine on adjacent segmental motion and intradiscal pressure (IDP) change.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen goat spine specimens were randomly divided into 3 groups: group A (single-segment fixation), group B (double-segment fixation), and group C (triple-segment fixation). The motion was tested on each specimen using a spinal motion simulation test system with rational pressure loading. The IDP was measured using a pinhole pressure sensor.

RESULTS: Range of motion (ROM) and IDP of adjacent segments increased with increased external load. In comparison of the 3 groups, significant differences in ROM were found when the external force was more than 100 N (P<0.05). The differences in IDP of the adjacent segment were statistically significant (P<0.05) when external pressure was greater than or equal to 60 N. However, in comparison of group A with group B, no significant differences in ROM and IDP of the adjacent segments were noted for the motions of anterior flexion, posterior extension, and lateral bending (P>0.05). Moreover, upper adjacent segments had greater ROM than the lower adjacent segments (P<0.05). We found significant differences between IDPs of the upper adjacent segments and lower adjacent segments (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: As the number of fixated lumbar segments increases, ROM and IDP of the adjacent segments increase. Multisegment fixation is most likely the main factor contributing to the development of adjacent segmental lesions after lumbar fixation.

Keywords: Biomechanical Phenomena, intervertebral disc degeneration, Orthopedic Fixation Devices, Goats, intervertebral disc, Lumbar Vertebrae, Lumbosacral Region, Pressure, Range of Motion, Articular, Rotation, Spinal Fusion



01 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Two Adjuvanted Malaria Vaccines and the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy to Eradicate Malaria by 2030

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939357

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939357


26 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

In Press

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Balloon Dilation Eustachian Tuboplasty Combined with Tympanotomy Tube Insertion for Treatment of Refractory...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938879  

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Vision Correction and Corneal Thickness at 180-Day Follow-Up After Femtosecond Laser-Assisted...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939099  

30 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Splenic Artery Steal Syndrome in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: A Retrospective Clinical Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938998  

27 Jan 2023 : Database Analysis  

Association Between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and All-Cause Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Chr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938554  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750