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25 April 2019 : Clinical Research  

Characterization of mRNA Expression and Endogenous RNA Profiles in Bladder Cancer Based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Database

Zhipeng Xu1ABC, Chuang Wang2D, Xuebao Xiang1E, Junming Li1F, Jiefu Huang1G*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915487

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3041-3060


BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is a multifactorial disease with increasing incidence and mortality. Genetic alterations and altered expressions of mRNAs, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and miRNAs have been shown to play important roles in the tumorigenesis of bladder cancer. However, the functions of key RNAs and their regulatory network in bladder cancer are still to be elucidated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: RNA profiles were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The differentially expressed mRNAs, lncRNAs, and miRNAs in bladder cancer were acquired through analyses of data from 414 bladder cancer tissues and 19 normal bladder tissues. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis was performed by using “DAVID6.8” and the R package “ClusterProfile”. Protein–protein interaction and competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) networks were constructed by using “STRING” database and Cytoscape 3.6.2. Based on the clinical data and Cox regression, a prognosis model was established, and survival analysis was performed.

RESULTS: A total of 1819 mRNAs, 659 lncRNAs, and 160 miRNAs were identified as significantly differentially expressed in bladder cancer of which 52 mRNAs, 58 lncRNAs, and 22 miRNAs were incorporated in the ceRNA network. CFL2 and TPM2 were found to be downregulated and showed significant correlation to each other in bladder cancer. HOXB5 and 6 lncRNAs (ADAMTS9-AS1, AC112721.1, LINC00460, AC110491.1, LINC00163, and HCG22) were strongly associated with high-grade, disease stages, and overall survival.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we have identified differentially expressed mRNAs, lncRNAs, and miRNAs in bladder cancer which were strongly associated with oncogenesis and prognosis. Further experimental studies are necessary to validate these results.

Keywords: Gene Expression, MicroRNAs, RNA, Long Noncoding, Urinary Bladder Neoplasms, Databases, Genetic, gene ontology, Gene Regulatory Networks, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Prognosis, RNA, Messenger, RNA, Neoplasm, Survival Analysis



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Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938532


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750