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14 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

Low-Frequency Fluctuations Amplitude Signals Exhibit Abnormalities of Intrinsic Brain Activities and Reflect Cognitive Impairment in Leukoaraiosis Patients

Jinfang Wang12BCDEF, Hongyan Chen2BCDF, Huazheng Liang3BCDF, Wanming Wang2BCEF, Yi Liang2BCF, Ying Liang4BF, Yumei Zhang15ABEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915528

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5219-5228


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) for whole-brain in leukoaraiosis (LA) patients suffering from cognitive decline or impairment.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients were selected by employing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique. According to results of the clinical dementia rating and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA), patients were divided into 3 groups: LA patients diagnosed as vascular mild-cognitive impairment (LA-VaMCI, n=28), LA patients diagnosed as vascular-dementia (LA-VaD, n=18), and normal individuals (NC, n=28). Executive functions were evaluated by using the Stroop test and Trail Making Test (TMT). The higher scores in TMT test mean greater impairments. Changes for the ALFF were measured by using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) technique. Correlations between ALFF and cognition scores were analyzed.

RESULTS: It was found that widespread differences in ALFF were present predominantly in the posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus (PCC/PCu) and in the right inferior temporal gyrus (ITG). Compared with the NC group, ALFF values in PCC/PCu were significantly decreased (F=3.273, P=0.022) and ALFF values were significantly increased (F=2.864, P=0.033) in temporal regions of the LA-VaD patients. ALFF values in LA-VaMCI patients were significantly increased in ITG compared to that in the NC group (F=1.064, P=0.042) and the LA-VaD group (F=2.725, P=0.037). Impairment in executive functions were positively correlated with average ALFF of the left PCu.

CONCLUSIONS: This research showed that LA patients exhibited abnormal intrinsic-brain activities. Furthermore, altered ALFF was positively correlated with executive function scores.

Keywords: Leukoaraiosis, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Membrane Potentials, mild cognitive impairment, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Brain, Brain Mapping, Cognition, Dementia, Vascular, Gyrus Cinguli, Middle Aged, Patients, Rest, Temporal Lobe



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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750