Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

06 September 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Keratinocyte Monolayers on Hyaluronic Acid Membranes as “Upside-Down” Grafts Reconstitute Full-Thickness Wounds

Raymund E. Horch1ABCDEF*, Gilbert Wagner2BDEF, Holger Bannasch3BCDF, Annika Kengelbach-Weigand1DF, Andreas Arkudas1DE, Marweh Schmitz1CDEF

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915649

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6702-6710


BACKGROUND: Skin replacement by means of cultured epithelial keratinocytes is a well-accepted method. However, several clinical drawbacks of sheet autografts (CEA – cultured epithelial autografts) have stimulated various efforts to optimize cell culture and cell delivery. Recent developments include use of cell monolayers instead of a fully differentiated epithelium, as well as use of various biomaterials to grow and transport the cultured cells. To optimize the transfer of human keratinocytes directly to the recipient wound bed, we used an “upside-down” technique, delivering cultured cells directly to the wound with the carrier material on top.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subconfluent second-passage human keratinocyte monolayers on esterified hyaluronic acid membranes (KHAMC – Keratinocyte-Hyaluronic-Acid-Membrane-Composites) were transplanted either as upside-down grafts or as upside-up grafts onto standardized full-thickness wounds in athymic nude mice versus controls with the cell-free membrane alone.

RESULTS: In the upside-down group, 14 days after grafting, a multi-layered, differentiating epidermis was found, whereas the wounds in the upside-up group and in the control group were not completely closed up to day 21. Persistence of human keratinocytes was shown in the upside-down group only, from day 7 until day 35 after grafting.

CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that upside-down grafting of subconfluent monolayers of serum-free cultured human keratinocytes on esterified hyaluronic acid membranes is a suitable means to transfer actively proliferative keratinocytes, and reduces wound contraction. Compared to standard grafting protocols of cultured epithelium, such as CEA sheet grafts, it is easier to apply, does not need enzymatic detachment of cells from the culture dish, and limits the number of production steps required.

Keywords: Keratinocytes, Re-Epithelialization, Tissue Engineering, Wound Healing, Hyaluronic Acid, Keratins, Membranes, Artificial

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Clinical Research  

Hemorrhagic Cysts in the Pancreas: Risk Factors, Treatment, and Outcomes – Insights from a Single-Center Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941955  


Clinical Research  

Perioperative Administration of Tranexamic Acid and Low Molecular Weight Heparin for Enhanced Blood Managem...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944063  


Database Analysis  

Comprehensive Analysis of Sphingolipid Metabolism-Related Genes in Osteoarthritic Diagnosis and Synovial Im...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943369  


Review article  

Applications of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Neuroimaging During Rehabilitation Following ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943785  


Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,441,389

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,376,349

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,122

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,127

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750