Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 September 2019 : Clinical Research  

Polish Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) Response to Stroke: A Five-Year Retrospective Study

Stanisław Paweł Świeżewski12ABCDEFG*, Patryk Rzońca23CDEF, Mariusz Panczyk4CDEF, Piotr Konrad Leszczyński5EF, Mariusz Gujski6DF, Grzegorz Michalak12AE, Adam Fronczak7AG, Robert Gałązkowski12BD

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915759

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6547-6553


BACKGROUND: A stroke is a serious life-threatening emergency that requires immediate intervention in an appropriate therapeutic center. The aim of this study was to analyze the time of medical procedures at the scene and changes in the state of stroke patients during transport by HEMS in Poland. The presented research is the first nationwide study covering such a large group of stroke patients, for whom aerial support was used in the therapeutic process.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 48553 missions performed by Polish Medical Air Rescue (PMAR) during the 5-year study period resulted in 3906 stroke patients who, after medical rescue operations by HEMS crew, were transported by helicopters to hospitals.

RESULTS: Helicopters in 3475 (88.97%) cases were utilized as a support for Ground Emergency Medical Service (GEMS). The maximum duration of HEMS operation from activation to patient transfer to the hospital did not exceed 108 min and the median was 60 min. Over 87% of patients with HEMS reported stroke symptoms and arrived at the medical center with the possibility of implementing thrombolytic therapy. The factor that affected the deterioration of patients’ condition was the drawing out of the extent of time spent by the crew at the scene.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of HEMS in Poland in the case of patients with stroke symptoms ensures fast and professional assistance at the site of the medical emergency as well as safe transport to specialized centers, shortening the time of proper treatment implementation.

Keywords: Air Ambulances, Emergency Medical Services, Stroke, Thrombolytic Therapy, Adolescent, Aged, 80 and over, Aircraft, Child, Glasgow Coma Scale, Poland, Regression Analysis, young adult

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 April 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Forty Years of Waiting for Prevention and Cure of HIV Infection – Ongoing Challenges and Hopes for Vaccine Development and Overcoming Antiretroviral Drug Resistance

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944600

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944600


In Press

06 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variation of Medical Comorbidities in Oral Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Study at Jazan ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943884  

08 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Foot Structure in Preschool Children Based on Body Mass

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943765  

15 Apr 2024 : Laboratory Research  

The Role of Copper-Induced M2 Macrophage Polarization in Protecting Cartilage Matrix in Osteoarthritis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943738  

07 Mar 2024 : Clinical Research  

Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Clinical Trials: A Questionnaire-Based Study of 179 Male Third- and Fourt...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943468  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750