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10 August 2019 : Clinical Research  

Acetabular Lateral View: Effective Fluoroscopic Imaging to Evaluate Screw Penetration Intraoperatively

Zhe Lin1BC, Jialiang Guo123EG*, Weichong Dong4DF, Kuo Zhao123F, Zhiyong Hou12A, Yingze Zhang1235AB

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.915906

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5953-5960

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Screw penetration into the hip joint is a severe complication during acetabular fracture surgery. The standard fluoroscopic views of the pelvis cannot provide adequate safety during screw insertion. The aim of this research was to determine and evaluate the accuracy of the acetabular lateral view for screw placement.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty screws were randomly chosen and intentionally penetrated into the articular surface (1–2 mm), and the remaining 20 screws were extra-articular ones positioned in close proximity to the articular surface. Three surgeons, each evaluating 40 screws, provided a total of 120 rated observations for each screw position. We compared the traditional view or combined with lateral acetabular view with the criterion standard based on unaided visual assessment. A blinded and independent review of each pelvic intraoperative fluoroscopy was made by 3 independent observers. Specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, correct interpretation, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), and Youden index were calculated.

RESULTS: There were significant differences in sensitivity, NPV, correct interpretation, and Youden index between the 2 groups (P<0.05). The ICC was 0.531 when the antero-posterior, iliac, and obturator oblique views were used. The ICC was remarkably increased when using a combination of the ‘‘lateral’’ view and the standard views for screw perforation of the joint.

CONCLUSIONS: Use of the lateral view of the acetabulum can be a complementary method to identify malpositioned screws, and it helps increase the accuracy rate of inserting screws in the treatment of posterior wall fracture.

Keywords: Acetabularia, Bone Screws, Radiography, Acetabulum, Cadaver, Fluoroscopy, Fracture Fixation, Internal, Fractures, Bone, Hip Fractures, Pelvis, Surgery, Computer-Assisted

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750