24 August 2019 : Clinical Research
Micro-RNA 205-5p is Involved in the Progression of Gastric Cancer and Targets Phosphatase and Tensin Homolog (PTEN) in SGC-7901 Human Gastric Cancer CellsLina Yao1ABC, Weifeng Shi2DEF, Jianwen Gu2EFG*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6367-6377
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the role of micro-RNA 205-5p (miR-205-5p) in the progression of gastric cancer, and the target of miR-205-5p in human gastric cancer cells in vitro.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression of miR-205-5p and PTEN in gastric cancer tissue samples and adjacent normal gastric tissue from 35 patients was studied using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. SGC-7901 human gastric cancer cells included a normal control (NC) group, a group transfected with empty vector (Vector), a group treated with miR-205-5p inhibitor (miR-inhibitor), and a group treated with miR-205-5p inhibitor and small interfering PTEN mRNA (miR-inhibitor+si-PTEN). Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) measured miR-205-5p expression, cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay, cell apoptosis by flow cytometry, transwell and wound healing assays measured cell migration, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed ultrastructural changes in SGC-7901 cells. PTEN, AKT and p-AKT protein expression were measured using Western blot. The correlation between miR-205-5p and PTEN was analyzed using a dual-luciferase reporter assay.
RESULTS: Increased expression of miR-205-5p and PTEN in gastric cancer tissues were correlated with tumor stage. In SGC-7901 cells, miR-205-5p mRNA expression in the miR-inhibitor and miR-inhibitor+si-PTEN groups was significantly lower than that in the NC group (P<0.001). In the miR-inhibitor group, cell proliferation was significantly decreased, and apoptosis was significantly increased (P<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: In gastric cancer, increased expression of miR-205-5p was associated with tumor stage, and in SGC-7901 cells PTEN was a target gene for miR-205-5p.
Keywords: MicroRNAs, Nitrohydroxyiodophenylacetate, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Stomach Neoplasms, Adult, Aged, Apoptosis, Cell Movement, Cell Proliferation, Disease Progression, Middle Aged, PTEN Phosphohydrolase, RNA, Messenger, Signal Transduction
01 August 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927
10 Aug 2022 : Review articleProgrammed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766
10 Aug 2022 : Database AnalysisUse and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557
08 Aug 2022 : Clinical ResearchA 3-Year Clinical Evaluation of Endodontically Treated Posterior Teeth Restored with Resin Nanoceramic Comp...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937331
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292