Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

05 May 2019 : Clinical Research  

Combined Signature of the Fecal Microbiome and Plasma Metabolome in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Meiling Sun1ACE*, Bing Du1D, Yang Shi2B, Yue Lu3C, Yangyang Zhou2F, Bingrong Liu12AG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916009

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3303-3315


BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, idiopathic inflammatory disease that destroys the colon structure. Nevertheless, the exact pathogenesis is not clear and needs to be fully elucidated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Stool and plasma samples were used for 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, respectively. In addition, we detected the level of trimethylamine N-oxide. Finally, we performed Pearson correlation analysis between the microbiome and the metabolome.

RESULTS: Twenty-three active ulcerative colitis, 25 inactive ulcerative colitis, and 30 control cases were included. Thirty-four significantly different metabolites were found between the active ulcerative colitis and control groups, 38 were found between the inactive ulcerative colitis and control groups, and only 1 was found between the active ulcerative colitis and inactive ulcerative colitis groups. The plasma trimethylamine N-oxide level of the inactive ulcerative colitis and active ulcerative colitis groups was significantly higher than that of the control group. Moreover, we identified significant changes in 24, 18, and 12 bacterial genera for active ulcerative colitis-control, inactive ulcerative colitis-control, and active ulcerative colitis-inactive ulcerative colitis, respectively. Cross-correlation indicated an association between sphingosine 1-phosphate and Roseburia, Klebsiella, and Escherichia-Shigella. Through the pathway analysis, we found sphingolipid metabolism was one of the most significantly increased pathways.

CONCLUSIONS: Although levels of trimethylamine N-oxide were higher in ulcerative colitis patients, they did not achieve statistical significance in active ulcerative colitis and inactive ulcerative colitis groups. Sphingosine 1-phosphate was increased in ulcerative colitis patients and there were several microbiota associated with it. Although further study is still needed, sphingosine 1-phosphate will probably become a new target for treatment of ulcerative colitis.

Keywords: Colitis, Ulcerative, Metabolome, Receptors, Lysosphingolipid, Adolescent, Case-Control Studies, Crohn Disease, Feces, Methylamines, Plasma

Add Comment 0 Comments


01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315


In Press

Review article  

Impact of Workplace Bullying on Nursing Care Quality: A Comprehensive Review

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944815  

Clinical Research  

Anterior Plate-Supported Cannulated Screw Surgery for Ankle Arthrodesis: Clinical and Radiologic Results in...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944452  

Clinical Research  

Elevated Plasma Levels of Growth Arrest Specific 6 (Gas6) Protein in Severe Obesity: Implications for Adipo...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944462  

Database Analysis  

Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index (SII) as a Predictor of Short-Term Mortality Risk in Sepsis-Associated A...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943414  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   2,048,648

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799


14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,553,068

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990


16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,454

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387


01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,367

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952


Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750