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20 September 2019 : Review article  

Alcohol Consumption Can be a “Double-Edged Sword” for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients

Zhenliang Fan1ABEF*, Jie Yun2AG, Shanshan Yu1ABCDEFG, Qiaorui Yang1D, Liqun Song2ADEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916121

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7059-7072

Abstract

Excessive drinking of alcohol is becoming a worldwide problem, and people have recognized that there exists a close relationship between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and alcohol consumption. However, there are many inconsistencies between experimental and clinical studies on alcohol consumption and kidney damage. The possible reason for this contradictory conclusion is the complex drinking pattern of humans and some bioactivators in wine. In addition, the design itself of the clinical studies can also produce conflicting interpretations of the results. Considering the benefits of light-to-moderate alcohol consumption, we recommend that CKD patients continue light-to-moderate drinking, which is beneficial to them. Because alcohol consumption can lead to adverse events, we do not advise non-drinkers to start to drink. Although light-to-moderate alcohol consumption may not pose a risk to patients with CKD, the patients’ condition needs to be considered. Consumption of even small amounts of alcohol can be associated with increased death risk. Additional clinical and experimental studies are needed to clarify the effect of alcohol on the kidneys and alcohol consumption on CKD patients.

Keywords: Alcohol Drinking, Drinking Behavior, polyphenols, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic, Hemodynamics, Risk Factors

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750