Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

27 September 2019 : Meta-Analysis  

Preoperative Anemia and Postoperative Mortality in Patients with Aortic Stenosis Treated with Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Zhenqian Lv1DEF, Baoguo Zhou1ABC*, Chunyue Yang2BCD, Haiping Wang1ABC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916185

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7251-7257

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with severe aortic stenosis who have comorbidities that prevent general anesthesia and open cardiothoracic surgery are candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, TAVI can result in patient mortality following the procedure. This systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis aimed to determine the relationship between preoperative anemia and postoperative mortality in patients following TAVI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and the Web of Science were systematically searched from their inception to February 2019 for relevant published studies that included patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis and tricuspid aortic valve stenosis who underwent TAVI and who had preoperative data on hemoglobin levels. The pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a random-effects generic inverse variance method.

RESULTS: Six published studies that involved 6,406 patients with aortic stenosis were included in the meta-analysis. There was no significant difference observed for the final pooled result for patients with and without anemia for the short-term 30-day postoperative mortality (OR, 1.34; 95% CI, 0.77–2.35). However, long-term mortality rates were significantly worse in patients with preoperative anemia compared with those without anemia (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.34–2.35).

CONCLUSIONS: Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis showed that pre-procedural anemia reduced long-term mortality following TAVI. This finding supports the need to correct preoperative anemia in patients with aortic stenosis to improve patient outcome following TAVI.

Keywords: Anemia, Aortic Valve Stenosis, Hospital Mortality

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 March 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approvals for CRISPR-Cas9 Therapeutic Gene Editing for Sickle Cell Disease and Transfusion-Dependent β-Thalassemia

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944204

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944204

0:00

In Press

15 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Modified Shock Index and Shock Index for Predicting Massive Transfusion in Women with Primary...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943286  

15 Jan 2024 : Database Analysis  

Bibliometric Analysis of Brain Stimulation Technologies in Sleep Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942687  

15 Jan 2024 : Clinical Research  

Clinical Outcomes of Arthroscopic Surgery in Patients with Gluteal Muscle Contracture: Single-Institution R...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.942945  

17 Jan 2024 : Laboratory Research  

Impact of Auxiliary Features on Retention of Short Dental Crowns: An In-Vitro Analysis of Box and Groove Pr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943401  

Most Viewed Current Articles

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750