Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

16 June 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Formiminotransferase Cyclodeaminase Suppresses Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Modulating Cell Apoptosis, DNA Damage, and Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases (PI3K)/Akt Signaling Pathway

Jiajia Chen123ABCDEF, Zemian Chen4BCDEF, Zhentian Huang2BCD, Hongrong Yu5BCD, Yanbing Li13AEF*, Wenhua Huang13AEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916202

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4474-4484

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Formiminotransferase cyclodeaminase (FTCD) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism for reduced expression of FTCD and its functional role in HCC remains unclear. In this study, we explored the biological functions of FTCD in HCC.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The expression and clinical correlation of FTCD in HCC tissue were analyzed using TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and a cohort of 60 HCC patients. The MEXPRESS platform was accessed to identify the methylation level in promoter region FTCD. CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry analysis were used to explore the proliferation, cell apoptosis proportion, and DNA damage in HCC cells with FTCD overexpression. Western blot analysis was performed to identify the downstream target of FTCD.

RESULTS: FTCD is significantly downregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Low FTCD expression is correlated with a poor prognosis (P<0.001) and an aggressive tumor phenotype, including AFP levels (P=0.009), tumor size (P=0.013), vascular invasion (P=0.001), BCLC stage (P=0.024), and pTNM stage (P<0.001). Bioinformatics analysis indicated promoter hypermethylation can result in decreased expression of FTCD. FTCD overexpression suppressed cell proliferation by promoting DNA damage and inducing cell apoptosis in HCC cells. FTCD overexpression resulted in increased level of PTEN protein, but a decrease in PI3K, total Akt, and phosphorylated Akt protein in HCC cells, suggesting involvement of the PI3K/Akt pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: FTCD acts as a tumor suppressor gene in HCC pathogenesis and progression and is a candidate prognostic marker and a possible therapeutic target for this disease.

Keywords: Carcinoma, Hepatocellular, DNA Damage, Glutamate Formimidoyltransferase, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, Ammonia-Lyases, Hep G2 Cells, Liver Neoplasms, Multifunctional Enzymes, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 May 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: First Regulatory Approval for Adoptive Cell Therapy with Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TILs) – Lifileucel (Amtagvi)

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944927

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e944927

In Press

Clinical Research  

Comparative Efficacy of Micro-Needle-Knife Therapy and Acupuncture in Acute Ankle Sprains: A Randomized Con...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944157  

0:00

Clinical Research  

The Influence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes: A Retrospective Study in ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943644  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Exploring the Educational Social and Physical Activities Among Health Care Undergraduates – a Cross-Section...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943399  

Clinical Research  

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention as a Non-Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation in Patient...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943122  

Most Viewed Current Articles

17 Jan 2024 : Review article  

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research  

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research  

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750