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09 September 2019 : Clinical Research  

Effect of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Versus Plasma Radiofrequency Ablation on Recurrent Allergic Rhinitis

Bing Zhong1CDE, Lin-Ke Li1ABC, Di Deng1BC, Jin-Tao Du1E*, Ya-Feng Liu1BCF, Feng Liu1DEF, Shi-Xi Liu1ABC

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916228

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6775-6781

Abstract

BACKGROUND: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and plasma radiofrequency ablation (PRA) have been used to treat recurrent allergic rhinitis (AR); however, there is a lack of literature comparing the efficacy of these 2 methods. We assessed and compared the therapeutic effects of HIFU and PRA on recurrent AR.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We enrolled 66 patients with recurrent AR at West China Hospital of Sichuan University. Visual analogue score (VAS), pain score, rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ), and nasal endoscopy were performed to evaluate the therapeutic effect.

RESULTS: Nasal endoscopy showed that HIFU and PAR reduced the volume of the inferior turbinate, whereas HIFU reduced the amount of nasal secretions in patients. VAS scores showed that HIFU and PRA nasal congestion symptoms were significantly reduced (P<0.05). The preoperative VAS scores for nasal fluid and sneezing were significantly lower in patients receiving HIFU (P<0.05) than in those receiving PRA (P>0.05). HIFU-treated patients had significantly lower postoperative pain scores than those in the PRA group (P<0.05). RQLQ showed activity, sleep, and non-nasal or ocular symptoms, and both HIFU and PRA patients had significantly lower scores (P<0.05). Nasal symptom scores, actual problems, and mood in the HIFU group were significantly worse than those in the PRA group (P<0.05). However, neither treatment had a significant effect on ocular symptoms (P>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with PRA, HIFU can significantly reduce the nasal symptoms of AR patients, improve the quality of life, and can be used as an adjuvant therapy with better therapeutic effect.

Keywords: High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation, Pulsed Radiofrequency Treatment, Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal, Catheter Ablation, Recurrence, Rhinitis, Allergic, visual analog scale

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750