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21 September 2019 : Clinical Research  

Gender Differences in Vitamin D Status in China

Xiaoning Yan1ABDE, Na Zhang2BE, Shenghui Cheng1C, Zhaolin Wang3DF, Yanhong Qin1AEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916326

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:7094-7099

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D insufficiency is widespread in China. Various factors influence vitamin D level in the body. The present study investigated vitamin D status of residents in Jinzhong city, China, and analyzed the influence of gender on vitamin D status.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 302 participants (176 men and 126 women) were recruited. Anthropometric data (body circumferences and height, weight) were collected, and serum vitamin D concentration was tested.

RESULTS: Inadequate levels of vitamin D were found in 69% of men and 75% of women. Women’s 25(OH)D level (38.40±12.37 nmol/l) was substantially lower than that of the men (43.49±14.78 nmol/l) (p<0.01). The young women group had the lowest vitamin D level, which was even significantly below that of the elderly women group. Multiple linear regression analysis showed gender was significantly associated with vitamin D status (p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D deficiency is common in residents of Jinzhong during the winter. Compared to men, women are more prone to have inadequate vitamin D levels.

Keywords: Calcifediol, Sexism, Vitamin D Deficiency, Adult, China, Middle Aged, Regression Analysis, Sex Characteristics, Vitamin D

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750