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09 September 2019 : Clinical Research  

Preventive Effects of Dexmedetomidine on Renal Dysfunction and Hemodynamic Stability in Malignant Obstructive Jaundice Patients During Peri-Operative Period

Fan Wu1BCDF, Haixia Duan1BCF, Yaying Xie1ABDEG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916329

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6782-6787

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate effects of intra-operative administration with dexmedetomidine (Dex) on hemodynamics and renal function in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was conducted among 40 patients with malignant obstructive jaundice between August 2009 and March 2011 in The Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University. The 40 patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: the Dex group (receiving Dex 0.5 μg/kg 10-minutes before induction and then a 0.5 μg/kg/hour maintenance infusion until end of operation 30 minutes) and the Control group (receiving normal saline of same amount and at same rate). The adverse events, including incidence of cardiovascular complications and nausea and vomiting, and length of hospital stay were determined. The level of cystatin C (CysC), retinol-binding protein (RBP), creatinine (Scr), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were also evaluated.

RESULTS: Dexmedetomidine administration significantly decreased heart rate (HR) and stroke volume variation (SVV) and significantly increased capital venous pressure (CVP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) values compared to that in the Control group (P<0.05). Dexmedetomidine administration significantly upregulated urine volume and significantly downregulated atropine levels compared to the Control group (P<0.05). Dexmedetomidine administration significantly improved renal functions, by modulating CysC, RBP, Scr and BUN levels compared to the Control group (P<0.05). Dexmedetomidine administration demonstrated no additional side-effects. Dexmedetomidine administration significantly shortened length of hospitalization in the Dex group compared to the Control group (P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine plays preventive effects on renal dysfunction and hemodynamic stability in malignant obstructive jaundice patients during peri-operative period.

Keywords: Dexmedetomidine, Hemodynamics, Jaundice, Obstructive, Pituitary-Adrenal Function Tests, Atropine, Blood Transfusion, Kidney, Length of Stay, Urination

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750