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26 June 2019 : Clinical Research  

Comorbidities and Health-Related Quality of Life Following Revascularization for Asymptomatic Critical Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis Treated with Carotid Endarterectomy or Angioplasty with Stenting

Mariusz Trystuła1ABCDEF*, Maria Pąchalska2ABCDEFG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916407

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4734-4743


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between existing comorbidities and the effectiveness of revascularization of asymptomatic critical internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis treated with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) and short-term and long-term outcome in terms of health-related quality of life (HRQoL).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with asymptomatic critical ICA stenosis (n=62) included a group treated with CEA (n=31) and a group treated with CAS (n=31). A Health Assessment Questionnaire designed for this study was used to assess ten comorbidities, and the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) was used to evaluate HRQoL following CEA and CAS.

RESULTS: Three comorbidities significantly influenced the effectiveness of revascularization in all patients studied who underwent CEA and CAS, which included symptomatic atherosclerosis in other vascular areas (p=0.048), coronary artery disease (CAD) (p=0.004), and previous myocardial infarction (MI) (p=0.004). In the CEA group, CAD and previous MI were significant comorbidities (p=0.002), when compared with the CAS group (p=0.635). In the CAS group, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was a significant comorbidity in terms of outcome (p=0.025).

CONCLUSIONS: The comorbidities of atherosclerotic vascular disease, CAD, and previous MI had a significant influence of the effectiveness of the revascularization and postoperative HRQoL in all patients studied with asymptomatic critical ICA stenosis who were treated with CEA and CAS. When the two groups were compared, CAD and previous MI were significant comorbidities in the CEA group, and COPD was a significant comorbidity in the CAS group.

Keywords: Angioplasty, Arteriosclerosis, Coronary Disease, Endarterectomy, Myocardial Infarction, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Aged, carotid stenosis, Comorbidity, Endarterectomy, Carotid, Middle Aged, percutaneous coronary intervention, Quality of Life, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Stents, Stroke, Time Factors, Treatment Outcome, Vascular Surgical Procedures

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Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750