Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

09 May 2019 : Clinical Research  

Use of the Bispectral Index to Predict Recovery of Consciousness in Patients with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage After Surgical Hematoma Evacuation: A Prospective Cohort Study

Yan-Lin Yang1AB, Linlin Zhang1ADE*, Xuan He1B, Yi-Min Zhou1B, Guang-Qiang Chen1CD, Ming Xu1BF, Jian-Xin Zhou1AEG

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916509

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3446-3453


BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to test the predictive value of the bispectral index (BIS) for the post-operational consciousness recovery in patients undergone hematoma evacuation due to spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled adult spontaneous ICH patients after surgical hematoma evacuation who did not recover consciousness on the first postoperative day. After patient enrollment, the BIS was continuously monitored for 12 hours, and the motor response on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS-M) was evaluated. The patients were followed up for 30 days and divided into a consciousness recovery group and a nonrecovery group. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to investigate the predictive values of the BIS, GCS-M and ICH score on the consciousness recovery. The area under the curve (AUC) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated. During the 12-hour monitoring period, the peak BIS value after GCS-M stimulation was used for ROC analysis.

RESULTS: Of the 55 enrolled patients, 19 patients recovered consciousness, and 36 patients did not. The BIS value of the consciousness recovery group was significantly higher than that of the nonrecovery group (P<0.001). For consciousness recovery prediction, the AUC (95%CI) of the BIS values after external stimulation was 0.97 (0.91–1.00), which was superior to the GCS-M (0.75 [0.59–0.91]) and ICH score (0.57 [0.41–0.73]).

CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that BIS might be a potential tool for predicting the consciousness recovery in ICH patients undergone surgical hematoma evacuation.

Keywords: Cerebral Hemorrhage, Consciousness Monitors, Neurosurgery, Aged, Area Under Curve, Consciousness, Glasgow Coma Scale, Hematoma, Middle Aged, Monitoring, Physiologic, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, ROC Curve



04 June 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Acute Hepatitis of Unknown Origin in Children. Is Autoimmunity at Play?

Nahum Mendez-Sanchez, Shreya C. Pal
Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937371

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937371


27 June 2022 : Clinical Research  

Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) in 16 Patients Following COVID-19 Vaccination Who...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937430  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

30 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Antioxidant System and Ions Concentrations After Femoral Neck and Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936335  

28 Jun 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Urodynamics in Early Diagnosis of Diabetic Bladder Dysfunction in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937166  

28 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Serum Calprotectin – a NET Product – as a Biomarker of Disease Activity in Patients with Systemic Lupus Ery...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936534  

28 Jun 2022 : Database Analysis  

LINC00963 May Be Associated with a Poor Prognosis in Patients with Cervical Cancer

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.935070  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750