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07 July 2019 : Animal Research  

Efficacy of High Specific Volume Polysaccharide – A New Type of Dietary Fiber – On Molecular Mechanism of Intestinal Water Metabolism in Rats With Constipation

Liang Cong1ABCD, Li-Wei Duan1EF, Wei-Ping Su2G, Shuhong Hao3AC, Dong-Fu Li1AC*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916526

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:5028-5035


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a new type of dietary fiber – high specific volume polysaccharide (HSVP) – on fecal properties, serum vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) concentration, intestinal flora count, and expression of the VIP-cAMP-PKA-AQP3 signaling pathway.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Compound diphenoxylate was used in 48 healthy Wistar rats to establish a constipation model. Rats were divided into a normal control group, a constipation model group, an HSVP low-dose group, an HSVP medium-dose group, an HSVP high-dose group, and a fructose control group. We used colony count method, ELISA, WB, and RT-PCR to determine fecal moisture content, fecal hardness, fecal passage time, serum VIP concentration, number of intestinal bacteria, and VIP-cAMP-PKA-AQP3 signal pathway protein expression.

RESULTS: The constipation model was established successfully. HSVP (the medium dose was 10% and the high dose was 15%) improved fecal moisture content, reduced hardness, shortened fecal emptying time, increased intestinal bacteria, reduced serum VIP concentration, downregulated cAMP and PKAm RNA transcription, reduced protein expression, and reduced intestinal AQP3 expression.

CONCLUSIONS: HSVP improved constipation, increased the number of intestinal bacteria, and elevated expression of the VIP-cAMP-PKA-AQP3 signaling pathway. The mechanism of HSVP in regulating intestinal water metabolism in constipated rats may occur through the VIP-cAMP-PKA-AQP3 signaling pathway, and be closely related to changes in intestinal bacteria. The important role of the brain-gut-microbiome axis in the pathogenesis of constipation has been confirmed in this study.

Keywords: Aquaporin 3, Constipation, Probiotics, Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide, Cyclic AMP, Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases, Dietary Fiber, Feces, Gastrointestinal Transit, Hardness, Humidity, Intestines, Polysaccharides, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Wistar, Transcription, Genetic, Treatment Outcome, Water

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Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943312

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e943312


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750