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11 September 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Long Noncoding RNA (lncRNA) Small Nucleolar RNA Host Gene 5 (SNHG5) Regulates Proliferation, Differentiation, and Apoptosis of K562 Cells in Chronic Myeliod Leukemia

Bing Gao1BCDE, Song Li1BCF, Guo Li1ABCDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916661

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:6812-6819


BACKGROUND: Human chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a hematopoietic stem cell disorder with high malignant and invasive activity. lncRNA SNHG5 has been reported to be upregulated in CML. However, whether it affects the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in CML cells is still unknown. This study investigated the role of SNHG5 in CML and revealed the potential mechanism.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: K562 cells were transfected with shRNA, and the expression level of SNHG5 was assessd by quantitative RT-PCR. The proliferation ability was determined by CCK-8 assay. Western blot analysis was performed to detect protein expressions related to cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Cell apoptosis rate was analyzed by flow cytometry. The DNA methylation level was determined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP).

RESULTS: Our results show that inhibition of SNHG5 induced by RNA interference significantly inhibits K562 cells proliferation and induces cell differentiation with the increased expression of CD42b, CD11b, CD14, GATA-1, and β-globin. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that inhibition of SNHG5 significantly induced cell apoptosis with decreased expression of Bcl-2 and increased expression of Bax and cleaved capase-3. Additionally, Western blot and MSP analyses confirmed that inhibition of SNHG5 increased the expression of DR4 gene through suppressing its methylation.

CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of SNHG5 suppressed K562 cell proliferation through inducing the differentiation and apoptosis by inhibiting methylation of DR4. Therefore, downregulated SNHG5 could play a key role in CML progression, and might provide a new strategy for the treatment of CML.

Keywords: Antigens, Differentiation, Apoptosis, Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic, Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand, RNA, Long Noncoding, Caspase 3, Cell Differentiation, DNA Methylation, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, K562 Cells, Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive, bcl-2-Associated X Protein



12 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Treatment with Dual Incretin Receptor Agonists to Maintain Normal Glucose Levels May Also Maintain Normal Weight and Control Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD)

Ana Luisa Ordóñez-Vázquez, Sofía Murúa Beltrán-Gall, Shreya C. Pal, Nahum Méndez-Sánchez
Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938365

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938365


30 September 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532  

16 September 2022 : Review article  

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Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938141  

12 September 2022 : Clinical Research  

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Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937741  

In Press

30 Sep 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Rebound COVID-19 and Cessation of Antiviral Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 with Paxlovid and Molnupiravir

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938532  

30 Sep 2022 : Clinical Research  

Correlation Between Trough Level of Abiraterone and Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Response in Metastatic ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938091  

30 Sep 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Biological Mechanisms of Dexmedetomidine for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937862  

29 Sep 2022 : Animal Research  

Effect of Antilogous Platelet-Rich Plasma on the Revascularization of Rabbit Prefabricated Flap

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937718  

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750