Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

08 June 2019 : Clinical Research  

Pharmacological Targets and the Biological Mechanisms of Formononetin for Alzheimer’s Disease: A Network Analysis

Hai Xiao1BDF, Xinyue Qin1BDF, Jinping Wan1CF, Rong Li2ACDFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916662

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4273-4277

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the pharmacological targets and mechanisms of action of the traditional Chinese medicine, formononetin, in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) using network pharmacological analysis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Targets of AD were obtained by using DisGeNET gene discovery platform, the herbal ingredients target (HIT) database, the SuperPred, and the SwissTargetPrediction compound target prediction platforms. Pathogenic and therapeutic targets were imported to the STRING biological database, and Cytoscape network integration software was used to construct component-target and disease-target interaction networks. Core targets were identified by topological analysis and were further tested to identify the biological processes and signaling pathways.

RESULTS: Seven key target genes for formononetin in the treatment of patients with AD were identified, including estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), tumor protein p53 (TP53), sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), cytochrome P450 19A1 (CYP19A1), and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NFE2L2). The biological processes included hormone metabolism, regulation of nucleoside, nucleotide and nucleic acid metabolism, apoptosis, energy pathways, metabolism, cell communication, and signal transduction. The signaling pathways included histone acetylation and deacetylation (HDAC) class I, regulation of p38-alpha/beta, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor signaling, interleukin-1 (IL1) mediated signaling events, the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor signaling pathway, and cytoplasmic and nuclear Smad2/3 signaling.

CONCLUSIONS: Pharmacological network analysis was used to identify the gene targets and mechanisms of formononetin treatment in patients with AD.

Keywords: Alzheimer Disease, Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms, Neuropharmacology, Computational Biology, Drugs, Chinese Herbal, Gene Expression Regulation, Gene Regulatory Networks, Isoflavones, Medicine, Chinese Traditional, Signal Transduction

0 Comments

Editorial

01 August 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937927

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927

In Press

10 Aug 2022 : Review article  

Programmed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766  

10 Aug 2022 : Database Analysis  

Use and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557  

08 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

A 3-Year Clinical Evaluation of Endodontically Treated Posterior Teeth Restored with Resin Nanoceramic Comp...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937331  

08 Aug 2022 : Clinical Research  

Hemoglobin/Red Blood Cell Distribution Width Ratio in Peripheral Blood Is Positively Associated with Progno...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937146  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750