Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

04 July 2019 : Clinical Research  

A New Insight of Kartogenin Induced the Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) Selectively Differentiate into Chondrocytes by Activating the Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7 (BMP-7)/Smad5 Pathway

Qi Zhou1ACG, Jie-Hong Zhang1BCD, Shuai Yuan1EF, Jia-Hua Shao1DF, Zhu-Yun Cai1CDF, Shu Chen1BDE, Jia Cao1BEF, Hai-Shan Wu1BCE, Qi-Rong Qian1ADF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916696

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4960-4967


BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff injury is the most common cause of shoulder disability, and although the repair technique has improved, the rate of rotator cuff reduction after repair is still high. The fibrocartilage region, which appears to be histologically inserted, cannot be regenerated. In recent years, studies have reported that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have enhanced cartilage regeneration in the tendon and bone interface after rotator cuff repair, which has become a hot topic of research.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two mesenchymal stem cell types, SMSC (synovial-derived mesenchymal stem cells) and BMSC (bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells) were intervened using kartogenin (KGN). The cytotoxicity was evaluated and the proliferation of the 2 cells was observed. Four commonly used cartilage phenotype genes were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and the cartilage differentiation of MSCs induced by KGN was explored. The bidirectional regulation of the expression of BMP-7 and the downstream gene Smad5 was observed by constructing a lentiviral overexpression vector containing the target gene BMP-7. To explore whether BMP-7/Smad5 pathway activation promotes differentiation of SMSCs into chondrocytes.

RESULTS: KGN can induce the selective differentiation of endogenous MSCs into chondrocytes by activating the BMP-7/Smad5 pathway, which promotes the regeneration of interfacial cartilage, and improves the quality of tendon healing of the tendon after rotator cuff repair.

CONCLUSIONS: This study found a new biological intervention method to promote the effect of tendon on bone healing after rotator cuff repair.

Keywords: Abnormal Karyotype, Cartilage, mesenchymal stromal cells, rotator cuff, Anilides, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7, Cell Differentiation, Cell Shape, Chondrocytes, HEK293 Cells, Phthalic Acids, Smad5 Protein, Synovial Membrane



01 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Two Adjuvanted Malaria Vaccines and the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy to Eradicate Malaria by 2030

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939357

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939357


26 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

In Press

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Balloon Dilation Eustachian Tuboplasty Combined with Tympanotomy Tube Insertion for Treatment of Refractory...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938879  

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Vision Correction and Corneal Thickness at 180-Day Follow-Up After Femtosecond Laser-Assisted...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939099  

30 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Splenic Artery Steal Syndrome in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: A Retrospective Clinical Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938998  

27 Jan 2023 : Database Analysis  

Association Between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and All-Cause Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Chr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938554  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750