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07 June 2019 : Clinical Research  

Efficacy and Prognosis of 3D Printing Technology in Treatment of High-Energy Trans-Syndesmotic Ankle Fracture Dislocation – “Log-Splitter” Injury

Yuan-Wei Zhang12ABCDEFG, Xin Xiao2BCDE, Yan Xiao2CDE, Xi Chen2CDE, Su-Li Zhang3EF, Liang Deng1ABCDEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916884

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4233-4243

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to retrospectively assess the feasibility and efficacy of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology in the treatment of high-energy trans-syndesmotic ankle fracture dislocation – “log-splitter” injury – and to evaluate the efficacy and prognosis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 29 patients (17 males and 12 females; mean age, 44.0±13.2 years) with log-splitter injury from June 2011 to December 2016, divided into a routine group (n=13) and a 3D printing group (n=16) according to the surgical method used. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, fracture union time, functional outcomes based on AOFAS (American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society) score, and postoperative complications were observed and recorded.

RESULTS: Compared with the routine treatment group, 3D printing technology had better safety and efficacy for the treatment of log-splitter injury and the advantages of shorter operation time, less intraoperative blood loss, fewer fluoroscopies needed, and higher rate of good functional outcome (P<0.001, P<0.001, P<0.001, and P=0.017, respectively). However, no significant difference was noted in the rate of anatomical reduction, mean AOFAS score at the last follow-up (mean time, 19.9±2.8 months), or postoperative complications between the 2 groups (P=0.370, P=0.156, and P=0.485, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Surgery assisted by 3D printing technology to treat log-splitter injury is feasible and effective, and may be a good optional approach to formulate a reasonable personalized surgical plan and to optimize the outcomes.

Keywords: ankle fractures, Ankle Injuries, Ankle Joint, Complement C3d, Aged, Ankle, Bone Screws, fracture dislocation, Fracture Fixation, Fracture Fixation, Internal, Joint Dislocations, Middle Aged, Printing, Three-Dimensional, Prognosis, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750