Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

30 October 2019 : Animal Research  

Higher Concentration of Hypertonic Saline Shows Better Recovery Effects on Rabbits with Uncontrolled Hemorrhagic Shock

Lei Xu1ABCDEF, Fengjuan Kang2ACE, Wendong Hu3ABG, Xiwen Liu1AEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916937

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8120-8130

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Our previous study found a novel fluid combination with better resuscitation effects under hypotensive condition at the early stage of uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock (UHS). However, the optimal recovery concentration of hypertonic saline in this fluid combination remains unknown. This experiment aimed to explore the optimal concentration.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits (n=40) were randomly divided into 5 groups, including a sham-operated group (SO), a shock non-treated group (SNT), a normal saline group (NS), and hypertonic saline groups (4.5% and 7.5%). We established an UHS model and administered various fluid combinations (dose-related sodium chloride solution+crystal-colloidal solution) to the groups followed by monitoring indexes of hemodynamic and renal function, measuring infusion volume and blood loss, and analyzing pathological morphology by hematoxylin and eosin staining.

RESULTS: The hypertonic saline groups showed more stable hemodynamic indexes, reduced blood loss, fewer required infusions, and milder decreases in renal function than those of control groups (SNT and NS groups), and exhibited fewer pathological changes in the heart, lung, kidney, and liver. All indexes in the 4.5% and 7.5% groups were better than those of the NS group, and the hemodynamic indexes in the 7.5% group were more stable than those of the 4.5% group (P<0.05), with reduced blood loss and infusion volume and a milder decrease in renal function.

CONCLUSIONS: The novel fluid combination with 7.5% hypertonic saline group had a better recovery effect at the early stage of UHS before hemostasis compared to that of the 4.5% hypertonic saline group. This result may provide guidance for clinical fluid resuscitation.

Keywords: Hemodynamics, pathologic processes, Resuscitation, Saline Solution, Hypertonic, Shock, Hemorrhagic, Blood Pressure, Fluid Therapy, Hypotension, Models, Animal, Rabbits, Sodium Chloride

0 Comments

Editorial

01 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Two Adjuvanted Malaria Vaccines and the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategy to Eradicate Malaria by 2030

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939357

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939357

SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19

26 January 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: The XBB.1.5 (‘Kraken’) Subvariant of Omicron SARS-CoV-2 and its Rapid Global Spread

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939580  

19 January 2023 : Clinical Research  

Evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938892  

27 December 2022 : Clinical Research  

Effect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926

In Press

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Balloon Dilation Eustachian Tuboplasty Combined with Tympanotomy Tube Insertion for Treatment of Refractory...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938879  

31 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Comparison of Vision Correction and Corneal Thickness at 180-Day Follow-Up After Femtosecond Laser-Assisted...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939099  

30 Jan 2023 : Clinical Research  

Splenic Artery Steal Syndrome in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis: A Retrospective Clinical Study

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938998  

27 Jan 2023 : Database Analysis  

Association Between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and All-Cause Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with Chr...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938554  

Most Viewed Current Articles

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750