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01 June 2019 : Meta-Analysis  

Accuracy of C-Reactive Protein Test for Neonatal Septicemia: A Diagnostic Meta-Analysis

Yuna Liu1ABC, Lei Zhao1DF, Zhenan Wu1FG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.916968

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:4076-4081


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of C-reactive protein (CRP) test in detecting neonatal septicemia.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Springer, MBASE, Elsevier Science Direct, and Medline databases up to March 2017. To collect relevant data on CRP testing in patients with neonatal septicemia, we performed a meta-analysis of positive likelihood ratio (LR), sensitivity, negative LR, specificity and diagnostic odds ratio (dOR) of CRP testing, using Stata 12.0 and Meta-DiSc 1.4 data analysis software.

RESULTS: Ten studies including 1819 participants were considered in this study. We found that positive LR, sensitivity, negative LR, specificity, and dOR of the CRP test for neonatal septicemia were 5.63 (95% CI=2.86 to 11.09), 0.70 (95% CI=0.66 to 0.75), 0.36 (95% CI=0.21 to 0.60), 0.89 (95% CI=0.87 to 0.91), and 17.99 (95% CI=6.50 to 49.83), respectively. The AUC and Q* index of this meta-analysis were 0.90 and 0.83, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The area under the curve (AUC), negative LR, positive LR, Q* index, specificity, and dOR of the CRP test suggest that it is appropriate for detecting neonatal septicemia.

Keywords: C-Reactive Protein, meta-analysis, Neonatal Screening, Area Under Curve, Infant, Newborn, Neonatal sepsis, Odds Ratio, ROC Curve, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity

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01 June 2023 : Editorial  

Editorial: Infectious Disease Surveillance Using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and its Role in Epidemic and Pandemic Preparedness

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.941209

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e941209


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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750