12 May 2019 : Clinical Research
Comparative Study of the Effects of Customized 3D printed insole and Prefabricated Insole on Plantar Pressure and Comfort in Patients with Symptomatic FlatfootRui Xu1ABCDEFG, Zhonghan Wang2ABCDEFG, Zhenxiao Ren1ABCDEFG, Tingjian Ma1ABCDEFG, Zhe Jia1ABCDEFG, Shuyan Fang1ABCDEFG, Hui Jin3ABCDEFG*
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:3510-3519
BACKGROUND: There are many shortcomings in traditional prefabricated rehabilitation insoles for symptomatic flatfoot patients. This study investigated the effects of customized 3-dimensional (3D) printed insoles on pressure and comfort of the plantar foot in symptomatic flatfoot patients.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty patients with bilateral flatfoot participated in this study. At week 0, patients were randomly assigned into 1 of 2 groups. In the control group, the patients wore standardize shoes with prefabricated insoles; and in the experimental group the patients wore standardize shoes and customized insoles. The Footscan® system recorded peak pressure, peak force, and peak contact area in 10 areas of the sole at weeks 0 and at week 8. Patients used visual analogue scale scores at week 0 and at week 8 to assess overall comfort of insoles.
RESULTS: At week 0, compared with the control group, the peak pressure in the metatarsal was significantly lower in the experimental group (P<0.05) while the peak pressure in the mid-foot was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). At week 8, in the experimental group, the peak pressures in the mid-foot were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). The comfort scores (measured by pain scale) reported by the experimental group were significantly lower than those reported by the control group (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Customized 3D printed insoles reduced the pressure on the metatarsals by distributed it over the mid-foot area, thus reduced the damage from symptomatic flatfoot. Customized 3D printed insoles were more effective than prefabricated insoles and offered better comfort for patients with symptomatic flatfoot.
Keywords: Flatfoot, foot orthoses, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Equipment Design, Fatigue, Foot, Pain, Pain Measurement, Pressure, Printing, Three-Dimensional, Shoes, Walking
01 March 2023 : EditorialEditorial: Global Surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Poultry, Wild Birds, and Mammals to Prevent a Human Influenza Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939968
03 March 2023 : Database AnalysisReinfections from SARS-CoV-2: A Retrospective Study from the Gyncentrum Genetic Laboratory in Sosnowiec, Po...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939452
09 February 2023 : Clinical ResearchEvaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life and Mental Health in 729 Medical Students in Indonesia During ...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e938892
19 January 2023 : Clinical ResearchDetermining the Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Dental Care in the Serbian Adult Population: An Online Q...
Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e939238
27 December 2022 : Clinical ResearchEffect of Physiotherapy to Correct Rounded Shoulder Posture in 30 Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic in ...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e938926
19 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchManagement of Unstable C1 Fractures Involving the Lateral Mass: Posterior C1-C2 Screw-Rod Fixation and Fusion
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938600
17 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchRelationship Between Autonomic Nervous System Activity and Axial Length in Children
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939451
15 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchRelationship Between Psychological Symptoms and Self-Esteem Levels Before and After Stomach Botox Treatment
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.939618
15 Mar 2023 : Clinical ResearchShort-Term Patient Outcomes Using the Interlaminar Endoscopic Surgical System Ilessys® Delta System versus ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.938477
Most Viewed Current Articles
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292
01 Jan 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952