Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

21 December 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Beneficial Effects of Ticagrelor on Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-Induced Apoptosis in Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells

Meini Kang1ABCDE, Shuai Shao2ABCDE, Yue Zhang2DEFG, Xue Liang2DEF, Kai Zhang2DEF, Guangping Li2AEFG*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917001

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:9811-9819


BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor is the first oral anti-platelet agent which has direct anti-platelet aggregation effect by combining with ADP P2Y12 receptors in platelets. It has been approved to reduce the incidence of thrombus cardiovascular events in acute coronary syndrome patients. However, the effects of ticagrelor on endothelial apoptosis have not been investigated.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) was used to establish a human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) apoptosis model. To investigate the effects of ticagrelor on endothelial apoptosis, the HUVECs were treated with different dose of ticagrelor. Apoptosis rates of HUVECs was evaluated by flow cytometry, and the expression levels of Akt, p-Akt, Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and nitric oxide (NO) concentration were assessed.

RESULTS: After treatment with 50 ug/mL ox-LDL or 100 ug/mL ox-LDL, we found that the late apoptosis and necrosis rate and the expression levels of Bax and caspase-3 were significantly increased in HUVECs, whereas the expression levels of Akt, p-Akt, Bcl-2, eNOS, and NO were significantly decreased. Ticagrelor restored the apoptosis rate of ox-LDL-induced HUVECs in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, compared with ox-LDL group, ticagrelor treatment significantly increased the expression levels of Akt, p-Akt, Bcl-2, eNOS, and NO concentration, and significantly decreased the expression levels of Bax and caspase-3.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that ox-LDL induced significant apoptosis and necrosis in our model, which was dose-dependently improved by ticagrelor. These changes might be explained by alterations in apoptosis and antioxidant pathways.

Keywords: Apoptosis Inducing Factor, Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt, Receptors, Oxidized LDL, Antioxidants, Apoptosis, Caspase 3, Cells, Cultured, Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells, Lipoproteins, LDL, Necrosis, Nitric Oxide, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III, Oxidative Stress, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2, Reactive Oxygen Species, ticagrelor, bcl-2-Associated X Protein



01 July 2022 : Editorial  

Editorial: World Health Organization (WHO) Variants of Concern Lineages Under Monitoring (VOC-LUM) in Response to the Global Spread of Lineages and Sublineages of Omicron, or B.1.1.529, SARS-CoV-2

Dinah V. Parums
Science Editor, Medical Science Monitor, International Scientific Information, Inc., Melville, NY, USA

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937676

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937676


27 June 2022 : Clinical Research  

Shoulder Injury Related to Vaccine Administration (SIRVA) in 16 Patients Following COVID-19 Vaccination Who...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937430  

27 May 2022 : Clinical Research  

Factors Associated with Falls During Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936547

In Press

01 Jul 2022 : Clinical Research  

Does Early-Period Patient Dissatisfaction Turn Into Satisfaction Over Time After Total Knee Replacement?

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936792  

30 Jun 2022 : Laboratory Research  

Bcl-2 19-kDa Interacting Protein 3 (BNIP3)-Mediated Mitophagy Attenuates Intermittent Hypoxia-Induced Human...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936760  

30 Jun 2022 : Clinical Research  

Antioxidant System and Ions Concentrations After Femoral Neck and Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.936335  

28 Jun 2022 : Meta-Analysis  

Urodynamics in Early Diagnosis of Diabetic Bladder Dysfunction in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937166  

Most Viewed Current Articles

30 Dec 2021 : Clinical Research  

Retrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935379

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379

08 Mar 2022 : Review article  

A Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.936292

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292

01 Nov 2020 : Review article  

Long-Term Respiratory and Neurological Sequelae of COVID-19

DOI :10.12659/MSM.928996

Med Sci Monit 2020; 26:e928996

13 Nov 2021 : Clinical Research  

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.932788

Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750