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08 November 2019 : Laboratory Research  

Inhibitory Effect of Sirtuin6 (SIRT6) on Osteogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Fei Xiao1ABD, Yun Zhou1CEF, Yongfu Liu1CDE, Mian Xie1FG, Guancheng Guo1AEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917118

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8412-8421

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The imbalance between bone resorption and formation is the basic mechanism underlying osteoporosis in the elderly. Osteogenesis is the differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) into osteoblasts. Sirtuin6 (SIRT6) regulates various biological functions, including differentiation. Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) is a non-selective cation channel that can be activated by physical and chemical stimulation. However, experimental data supporting the role of SIRT6 in osteogenic differentiation (OD) of hMSCs are lacking.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Differentiation of hMSCs was induced. The expressions of SIRT6, TRPV1, and CGRP were detected by Q-PCR, Western blot, and ELISA, respectively. SIRT6 was overexpressed in hMSCs by transfection. ALP activity and Alizarin Red staining were utilized to detect the effect of SIRT6 on hMSC OD. Then, capsaicin and capsazepine, the TRPV1 agonist and antagonist, respectively, were administrated to assess the role of TRPV1.

RESULTS: SIRT6 expression was downregulated during hMSC differentiation. SIRT6 overexpression was accompanied by reduced expression of specific genes and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in osteoblasts. Furthermore, TRPV1 channel was also reduced by SIRT6 overexpression via ubiquitinating TRPV1. Capsaicin was utilized in SIRT6-overexpressed cells. Capsaicin therapy counteracted the effect of SIRT6 overexpression on OD, and markedly decreased OD.

CONCLUSIONS: The SIRT6-TRPV1-CGRP signal axis is the key to regulating OD in hMSCs, which could be a potential therapeutic target for osteoporosis and bone loss-related diseases.

Keywords: Osteosarcoma, Sirtuin 1, Sirtuins, Alkaline Phosphatase, Bone Marrow Cells, Bone Resorption, Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide, Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit, Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Osteoblasts, Osteogenesis, Osteoporosis, TRPV Cation Channels

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750