30 October 2019 : Laboratory Research
miR-34b Alleviates High Glucose-Induced Inflammation and Apoptosis in Human HK-2 Cells via IL-6R/JAK2/STAT3 Signaling PathwayNa Lv1BCDE*, Chunqing Li1BCDF, Xin Liu1BEF, Caihui Qi1ABCDE, Zhenqing Wang1ACD
Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8142-8151
BACKGROUND: It is well established that inflammation and apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells caused by hyperglycemia contribute to the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Although microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to have roles in inflammation-related disorders, the exact role of miR-34b in DN has not been defined, and the regulatory mechanism has been unclear. This study aimed to clarify the role of miR-34b in DN pathogenesis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Expression of miR-34b, IL-6R, and other key factors of inflammation, apoptosis (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, caspase-3) in high glucose (HG)-induced HK-2 cells were measured by real-time PCR, Western blot, and flow cytometric cell apoptosis assays. We used luciferase reporter assay to detect the target of miR-34b. Moreover, the targeting gene of miR-34b and its downstream JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway were explored.
RESULTS: It was demonstrated that miR-34b overexpression inhibited apoptosis and expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and caspase-3 in HG-treated HK-2 cells. We also found that IL-6R is a direct target of miR-34b, which could rescue inflammation and apoptosis in HG-treated HK-2 cells transfected with miR-34b mimic. Furthermore, we showed that overexpression of miR-34b inhibited the IL-6R/JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in HG-treated HK-2 cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that overexpression of miR-34b improves inflammation and ameliorates apoptosis in HG-induced HK-2 cells via the IL-6R/JAK2/STAT3 pathway, indicating that miR-34b could be a promising therapeutic target in DN.
Keywords: Apoptosis, MicroRNAs, Down-Regulation, Glucose, Hyperglycemia, Janus Kinase 2, Receptors, Interleukin-6, STAT3 Transcription Factor, Signal Transduction
01 August 2022 : EditorialEditorial: Long-Term Effects of Symptomatic and Asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Children and the Changing Pathogenesis of Common Childhood Viruses Driven by the COVID-19 Pandemic
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937927
10 Aug 2022 : Review articleProgrammed Cell Death in Diabetic Nephropathy: A Review of Apoptosis, Autophagy, and Necroptosis
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937766
10 Aug 2022 : Database AnalysisUse and Effects of Augmentation of Labor with Oxytocin: A Single-Center, Retrospective, Case-Control Study ...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937557
08 Aug 2022 : Clinical ResearchA 3-Year Clinical Evaluation of Endodontically Treated Posterior Teeth Restored with Resin Nanoceramic Comp...
Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.937331
Most Viewed Current Articles
30 Dec 2021 : Clinical ResearchRetrospective Study of Outcomes and Hospitalization Rates of Patients in Italy with a Confirmed Diagnosis o...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e935379
13 Nov 2021 : Clinical ResearchAcceptance of COVID-19 Vaccination and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Attending the Oncology ...
Med Sci Monit 2021; 27:e932788
08 Mar 2022 : Review articleA Review of the Potential Roles of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Pharmacological Approaches for the Man...
Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e936292