Logo Medical Science Monitor

Call: +1.631.470.9640
Mon - Fri 10:00 am - 02:00 pm EST

Contact Us

Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor Logo Medical Science Monitor

01 November 2019 : Meta-Analysis  

Risk Factors of Nosocomial Infection for Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Units: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Li Wang1ABCDEF, Ke-Ning Du2ABCDEF, Yan-Ling Zhao1ABCDEF, Ya-Juan Yu2ABCDEF, Li Sun2ABCDEF, Hong-Bo Jiang1ABCDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917185

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8213-8220

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the nosocomial infection (NI) risk factors in neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, VANFUN, CNKI, and VTTMS) were searched using index words to find relevant studies published before November 2018. Meta-analyses of relative risk (RR) were performed for the identification of risk factors.

RESULTS: Data from 22 cohort studies (2270 infants with and 21 605 infants without NI) were included in the meta-analysis. Infant weight of <2500 g (RR: 3.44, 95% CI: 2.31–5.11), gestational age of <37 weeks (RR: 3.85, 95% CI: 1.87–7.92), mechanical ventilation use (RR: 3.16, 95% CI: 2.21–4.50), venipuncture (RR: 3.01, 95% CI: 1.20–7.57), the incidence of asphyxia (RR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.04–2.71), and feeding intolerance (RR: 2.12, 95% CI: 1.60–2.81) were identified as the risk factors for the incidence of NI. There was no significant publication bias.

CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that <2500 g infant body weight, gestational age of <37 weeks, mechanical ventilation utility, venipuncture, asphyxia incidence, and feeding intolerance are the risk factors for NI nosocomial infection in infants in NICU. Appropriate preventive measures and targeted interventions are needed.

Keywords: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Cross Infection, Asphyxia, Birth Weight, Gestational Age, Incidence, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Intensive Care Units, Neonatal, Respiration, Artificial, Risk Factors

Add Comment 0 Comments

Editorial

01 June 2024 : Editorial  

Editorial: Concerns as Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Virus of the H5N1 Subtype is Identified in Dairy Cows and Other Mammals

Dinah V. Parums

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.945315

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e945315

0:00

In Press

Review article  

Applications of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Neuroimaging During Rehabilitation Following ...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943785  

0:00

Clinical Research  

Epidemiology and Risk Factors for Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty in Chinese Patients: A Retrospective Stu...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943681  

Clinical Research  

Effects of the Cold Pressor Test on Popliteal Vein Diameter, Flow Velocity, and Blood Flow in the Lower Lim...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.944560  

Clinical Research  

Outcomes of Anterior Lateral Approach and Gerdy's Tubercle Osteotomy for Tibial Plateau Fractures Involving...

Med Sci Monit In Press; DOI: 10.12659/MSM.943946  

Most Viewed Current Articles

14 Dec 2022 : Clinical Research   1,477,232

Prevalence and Variability of Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E in Patients with Elevated Tryptase Levels

DOI :10.12659/MSM.937990

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e937990

0:00

17 Jan 2024 : Review article   1,433,627

Vaccination Guidelines for Pregnant Women: Addressing COVID-19 and the Omicron Variant

DOI :10.12659/MSM.942799

Med Sci Monit 2024; 30:e942799

0:00

16 May 2023 : Clinical Research   690,157

Electrophysiological Testing for an Auditory Processing Disorder and Reading Performance in 54 School Stude...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.940387

Med Sci Monit 2023; 29:e940387

0:00

01 Jan 2022 : Editorial   50,150

Editorial: Current Status of Oral Antiviral Drug Treatments for SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Non-Hospitalized Pa...

DOI :10.12659/MSM.935952

Med Sci Monit 2022; 28:e935952

0:00

Your Privacy

We use cookies to ensure the functionality of our website, to personalize content and advertising, to provide social media features, and to analyze our traffic. If you allow us to do so, we also inform our social media, advertising and analysis partners about your use of our website, You can decise for yourself which categories you you want to deny or allow. Please note that based on your settings not all functionalities of the site are available. View our privacy policy.

Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750