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24 November 2019 : Clinical Research  

SLK Triple Therapy Improves Maternal and Fetal Status and Promotes Postpartum Pelvic Floor Function in Chinese Primiparous Women

Dan Liu1BCDEF, Wan-Liang Hu2ABCDEF*

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.917330

Med Sci Monit 2019; 25:8913-8919

Abstract

BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, appropriate physical activity plays critical roles in maternal and fetal health. This study investigated the effects of Sophrology childbirth-Kegel-Lamaze respiratory training (SLK triple therapy) on maternal and newborn health, pelvic floor function, and quality of life.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single-pregnant primiparous women involved in this study were divided into the control group (n=120) and the SLK triple therapy group (n=120). SLK triple therapy was taught to and practiced by the women in the SLK triple therapy group. Data on delivery mode (natural delivery or cesarean section), postpartum complications (postpartum urinary incontinence, postpartum hemorrhage), and birth process were recorded. Apgar scores and body weight of newborns were evaluated. Pelvic floor function, postpartum emotion, and sexual functions were assessed.

RESULTS: Women in the SLK triple therapy group had significantly better natural delivery rate compared to the control group (p<0.05). SLK triple therapy significantly decreased the postpartum urinary incontinence rate and reduced the postpartum hemorrhage rate compared to the control group (p<0.05). Birth process and postpartum hemorrhage volume in the SLK triple therapy group were also significantly lower compared to the control group (p<0.05). Apgar scores were significantly lower and body weights were significantly higher in the SLK triple therapy group compared to the control group (p<0.05). SLK triple therapy significantly improved pelvic floor function compared to the control group (p<0.05). SLK triple therapy significantly decreased SDS scores and enhanced FSFI scores compared to the control group (p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: SLK triple therapy improved maternal and fetal health by improving pregnancy outcomes, promoting postpartum pelvic floor function, reducing the incidence of depression, and enhancing sexual function. Therefore, SLK triple therapy has great utility in treating primiparous women.

Keywords: Delivery, Obstetric, Pelvic Floor, Physical Education and Training, Pregnancy, Exercise Therapy, Fecal Incontinence, Fetus, Infant, Newborn, Mothers, Parity, Pelvic Floor Disorders, Postpartum Period, Prenatal Care, Quality of Life, Urinary Incontinence

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Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750
Medical Science Monitor eISSN: 1643-3750